The sides are flat soft products that are placed around the perimeter of the crib to protect the baby from shock. They are also called baby bumpers. Such protection is intended for newborns, one-year-olds and children under the age of 3 years. Side pillows can be used in the future, for example, as toys. Parents are provided with a wide range of protective barriers for children. There are 3- and 4-sided options, low and high models. If the sides have a small height, the child will be constantly in sight, which will allow the mother to remain calm for his condition. High options will be useful for older children, as they are restless and more independent. Those who want to save or test themselves in sewing can make a children's bumper on their own. Quality materials are on sale. You can still find many interesting options for execution.
The sides are placed on all sides of the bed. Their main task is to promote the safety of the baby and protect its body from diseases. Bumpers protect the child from falling out of bed, strikes on its elements and drafts. If the bed has nowhere to put, except near the window, the sides are required to be used. Inquisitive children also like to stick hands and feet between sticks. This is another reason for the use of special tools. The added value of this protection is to encourage sleep and comfortable sleep, since nothing will distract the baby. Borders carry out the developing function. Multi-colored drawings in the form of people, animals and various objects will be the subject of study for the baby. The child will soon begin to recognize these objects and details in the surrounding world. He will learn to focus. It is important that the picture does not annoy him. Removable parts on protective pads will develop hand motility.
Advantages and disadvantages of hand-sewn edges
Self-made bumpers are more versatile. In the case of hand-made, you can ideally calculate how much material is needed for a particular bed. Unlike store products, which often have a specific unpleasant odor, homemade barriers are created from the right material. The uniqueness of the side, as a developing toy, also deserves attention. In addition, they are multifunctional. When the baby grows up and “changes” the bed to a large one, the pads will decorate the sofa or play area. They can be made with the expectation of it. The side can be made a full-fledged decorating detail, performed in any style you like. It is selected taking into account the sex and age of the child. The disadvantages, as is the case with factory products, are a reduction in the space inside the bed and a feeling of its “tightness”. It is worth noting the complexity of the workflow and high time costs, which can be avoided by buying a ready-made bumper. In addition, on homemade pillows more difficult to make an interesting pattern.
What fabric to sew
The quality of cushions for soft fencing depends on the selected fabric. Its main characteristics are density and naturalness. It is necessary to choose the "breathing" materials. Care must be taken that the fabric is eco-friendly and hypoallergenic. Natural fibers are better than even the highest-quality synthetic matter, because it does not allow air to pass through and is capable of causing an allergic reaction. It should be chosen among the canvases made of cotton. A suitable material is chintz, calico, flax, flannel, bike. Before you cut the fabric, you will need to wash and iron it. When choosing a material, you should immediately determine whether such a picture will fit or not, whether it will be interesting to the child. For fabrics, density is important for protection from cold and durability, because young children love to feel and examine all the objects around.
In this case, preference must be given to synthetic materials. Previously, natural fluff was considered a good option. Nowadays, these are polyester, hallcon, periotek, hollofiber, synthetic winterizer and foam rubber. The last two materials are more traditional. All these options facilitate sewing and washing. The best option - sintepon. In products, it is additionally stitched along the entire perimeter in order to avoid the appearance of lumps. Such pillows are well washed and do not lose their properties after that. It tolerates washing and foam. However, this is not the safest material for children, despite the ability to keep the temperature well. It is worth noting the holofiber, with the load characteristic of the sides, it will not lose its original shape over many years, in addition it is hypoallergenic. However, it is a relatively expensive material.
Types of bumpers
There is a wide variety depending on the characteristics. By type of design are removable and non-removable bumpers. The first subtype is much more common and is characterized by a large choice of placement method. Fixed are solid and with openings. This type of protection will completely protect the child from the likelihood of injury. Products may be intended for boys or girls. In the first case, they are performed in cold colors or in yellow. For girls fit any color except dark, primarily pink and pastel shades. According to the method of attachment, there are 2 types of protective pads: on strings and on velcro. In the first embodiment, the fastening elements are on the edges of the product. In the second case, the clasp is hidden, so the baby will not pay much attention to it. Even the sides of the crib differ in height (high, low). There are models of bombon with soft squares and braid, which is easy to make yourself.
Step-by-step master class
The main stages of making a side in the bed with their own hands:
- Calculation of the number of products, their sizes.
- Preparation of tools and materials.
- Cutting fabric.
First you need to decide on the role of the protective partition. The preferred height is key. The same applies to the configuration: continuous around the perimeter or on 3 sides, so that one child can always be seen (for example, from the side of the bed where the mother sleeps). It is also important the number of items to equip all the amenities for the baby. To create a product, you will need fabric and filler, as well as all the tools used when sewing. Fabric material is carefully prepared: ironed and, if necessary, washed before it. Further patterns are made. Then they are transferred to the material. But with enough experience, the required dimensions are immediately applied to the fabric. After that, the sides, strings and decorative elements are sewn. The process will largely resemble the manufacture of pillows. In the end, everything comes together - the product is ready.
How to calculate the number of products and their sizes
It is necessary to determine the optimum height of the side. For babies younger than 4 months they are made low. It is necessary that parents have enough opportunities for review. For kids who are trying to get up, you need more protected high options. With a bed length of 120 cm and a width of 60, the total length will be 360 cm. The length of protection is also calculated depending on the location. This indicator at the U-shaped sides is usually 190 cm. The height of the bumper is a matter of priorities. It is recommended to choose a side lower so that the baby is visible and can grab the bars when it rises. A height of 30 cm can be considered optimal. The side is made so that the baby could not stand on it. As for the number of products, the classical protection consists of 4 parts: 2 30-55 cm high and 60 cm long (width), 2 of the same height and 120 cm long (width). Thus, the barrier of individual pillows along the entire perimeter height 30 cm includes 12 elements.
Everything will take up to 3.6 m of fabric, but it is better to take more for decoration and the ability to correct mistakes!
Required materials and tools
First of all, you need fabric and filler. Cloth preferably choose natural. Among the packings, the choice is better to stop on a synthetic roll filler. It is hypoallergenic and is erased without loss of properties. The work will need a sewing machine. However, with skills and patience, you can sew bumpers manually. Other tools and tools such as tailor pins, a long ruler or "centimeter", a needle, scissors will be required. For the layout should get a marker or pencil, as well as soap or chalk - something one to choose from. Paper is needed to create patterns, but with enough experience it can be done directly on the fabric. Still need threads in one color with the main fabric. Other necessary devices: "lightning" or buttons, ribbons, braid, decorative elements (felt applications, lace, etc.).
Preparation and cutting of fabric
Need a clean ironed fabric. Patterns are made in advance, and then they are carefully transferred to the matter. 1-1.5 cm is left on the seams. For bumpers with covers, two sets of fabric will be required - lining and for covers. If the filler is a roll-top polyester, the cutting is done in the same way. The sizes of the samples, however, are reduced by 1.5-2 cm (depending on the thickness of the material) so that the filler fits in the sheath. If the sides are made in the form of pillows, the cutting is not needed. You only need to cut the squares of a certain size. For the usual rectangular crib need twelve pillows size of 30 × 30 cm. Pillows in the form of houses can be done according to the same scheme. The size is selected depending on the various parameters of the bed. The dimensions of the bed are carefully measured so that in case of anything it is possible to make the necessary adjustments.
These works include 3 processes:
- Sewing the sides themselves.
- Creating ties
- Sewing decorative covers.
Work begins with the fact that the lining fabric is folded outer side inward and sewn cover. Leave a hole for the filler. The cover is then turned out and the necessary material is inserted into it. The hole is neatly sewn up, ideally done with the hands and hidden seam. This procedure is performed for each security element. The stitches are sewn with 2 methods - they are obtained with ordinary or with velcro. Ribbons and ribbons are capable of performing the role of simple strings. Suitable and the main material. The number of strings and their sizes is an individual question. As a rule, it takes two dozen fasteners: 4 for the head and foot, 6 for both sides. It is recommended to sew more fasteners for a more secure fit. If it is the sides of the pillow that are created, then at least 2 ties are required for each. In the case of decorative covers, it is necessary to note in advance the location of the fasteners and to tackle them.
How to sew a frill in the side
To do this, you need to know some of the nuances. First, for a frill, a strip of matter between 7 and 15 cm wide will be required. The length can be changed if required. It must be at least one and a half times larger than that of the part. The folds in this case will not be very voluminous. If the length of the frill exceeds that of the part more than 2 times - pleated will be magnificent. With the help of a sewing machine, a frill easily fits. Ruche need to collect manually. To do this, use a regular needle. First, a needle is taken with a thread of the required length, then the matter is laid with an "accordion" and pierced. After that, it remains only to distribute the pleating along the entire length of the thread. For instant basting, you will need to lay a frill between two layers of material. Making the sides, it is better to make a frill for all sides of the crib and connect them in the corners.
Ways to decorate the finished product
Ruffles, appliqués, large buttons, bows, ribbons, etc. are intended for this. If the pillows are decorated with laces or ruffles along the entire length, then you need to tack them or sew them into the main seams. The decor can be located on the front side of the cover. The bumper and the frame next to it are also decorated with applications, patterns and drawings. For security reasons, the bumpers are made very soft, decorated with fabrics similar in softness (for example, felt). Such products are also called anti-impact boards. To decorate the sides and rods also apply stickers with pictures, including stickers for furniture. They should be placed on the outer part of the pillows and the inner side of the rods of the crib so that the child does not detach the parts and is not exposed to this danger. Small objects like pebbles and rhinestones are not suitable for decorating the sides.
Master class tailoring pillows in the form of animals for the sides
There are many interesting options for making bumpers in the form of animals. This may be exotic African animals or animals living in temperate climates. Popular varieties of bumpers are "cat", "elk" and "owl". To make such a beautiful bumper, first of all you need to prepare the tools and materials. This is a standard set of pencil or chalk, scissors, pins and thread. Fabrics are bought with interesting patterns, in several different versions. Patterns of parts of the face are also created for transfer to the fabric. They are made large and expressive. The body of the animal is made of one or more parts. It is recommended to combine monotone and variegated fabrics. When the elements are sewn to the front of the product, the connection of all the canvases and the filling of the pillow-side begins. At the very end, ribbons are attached to the bumper. When the baby grows up, they can be removed to use the pillow as a toy.
First, make the pattern and transfer it to the fabric. The samples should be the size of the cat, his ears, nose and cheeks. On the fabric to the pattern of the upper body you need to add around the entire perimeter of 1 cm for allowances. The lower part is made in size 34 × 17 cm, taking into account the allowances. The mouth, nose, antennae, eyes are drawn with a chalk or disappearing marker. It is necessary to adhere to symmetry. Next, sew the lower strip to the upper body and smooth the seams in one direction. Then, a spout, cheeks and ears are cut out of felt. Details are sewn with a small zigzag. We sew mustache, mouth and eyes with a straight, straight, small line two or three times. Two 50-cm ribbons fold in half and attach to the product with pins. The back part of the product is cut out in the same size as the front one. Then they are connected, the pillow is turned inside out and stuffed. The hole is sewn up in a hidden way. Kitty should be decorated with ribbons.
Need to make patterns for:
- lower body (smaller than head).
You will also need cotton material in 2 colors, white fabric, satin ribbons of 60 × 2.5 cm, filler, floss threads for the mouth and eye, a pencil or tailor's chalk, scissors and pins. First of all, patterns in the form of a body are attached to a white cloth and the necessary element is cut out with scissors, taking into account allowances. Need two such details. Horns, ears and nose are cut from various fabrics (felt, etc.). Make allowances for the nose is not necessary. Then white material in the form of a head is taken and eyes and mouth are made with floss threads, and also the cut-out spout is attached and stitched. The lower part of the body (from colored material) is carefully sewn to the head. Then the horns are attached to it and its upper part scribbles, including the length of the edges of the horns. The next thing fun ears. After that tapes are attached. Halves are stitched and filled.
To sew a side owl, you need a beautiful colored fabric (you can take the green one), preferably with a repeating pattern. For one element, we take a canvas measuring 50 × 75 cm. It is cut into two parts of 50 × 37.5 cm. Squares 36 × 36 cm are drawn on them, which “will leave” on the head of an owl. The remaining areas are needed to create the ears, they will also need to be drawn on the fabric. Next, you need a piece of white cloth 27 × 20 cm to create the eyes. They are made by one figure, with a transition. Wings are cut from a material of a different color. Gray goes well with green. You can take calico, gray with white peas. A rectangle with a width of 14 and a length of 16-17 cm is marked on it. An arc is drawn on this fragment. The beak can be cut from the same material. It is enclosed under the eyes. All the details of the front side of the pillow are attached and stitched with a sewing machine, zigzag stitch. Then a pencil draws his eyes in the form of corners, lowered down. Then they are decorated with gray threads. At the end, the front side and the base are joined and filled with padding material.
Bumpers - bombons
The product will consist of 60 × 30 cm pillows with small squares approximately 10 × 10 cm in size. If you plan to protect the bed from 3 sides, you will need 4 pillows, and if you want to protect the crib from 3 sides, then the squares of the bombone are made of pieces of 17 × 17 and 10 × 10 cm. In the first case, it is a colored fabric with a pattern, in the second - white (you can take the coarse calico). On small square fragments, cuts of about 5 cm are made. The edges of large colored pieces are attached with pins to small ones, in places where the corners of both fabrics join. Next, folds are formed, which are also fixed with pins. Each side is stitched at a distance of 0.5 cm from the edge. Так делается 18 деталей для одной подушки 60×30 см. Квадратики сшиваются и набиваются наполнителем с тыльной стороны. Необходимо чередовать элементы разного окраса (в идеале самих вариантов расцветки используется минимум 5). Аналогичным образом делаются остальные подушки.
It is better to use ribbons as fastening elements, they should be placed at a distance of 30 cm from each other.
Braided side braids
As a fabric, it is better to choose something dense, for example, cotton velor. With the role of the filler perfectly holofiber. On 1 pigtail 120 cm long will take about 1 kg of this material. First, they are determined with the complexity of the product: the side-braid can be made not only in 3, but also in 4 strands. It is worth trying a more difficult option. The length of the strands is calculated based on their number. Since the side of the crib is usually 120 cm in length, it will take 147 cm to the strand of the spit of four elements (120 cm multiplied by a factor of 1.22). The required width is 19 cm. All 4 pieces of different colors are combined, and then also folded in half. These actions are performed using a typewriter. Further, the resulting sleeve tightly puts on a 1.5-meter pipe and another, thinner pipe into the far end of the material is filled with holofiber.
- The free end of the fabric is sewn around with a thread. Closed steamed and stitched the same.
- Creating a spit begins from the formation of the center of the 1st and 3rd joints.
- The two remaining free ends are connected by a thread.
The length of the spit can be adjusted by increasing or easing the tension.
Features tailoring bortikov-rolik
Fabric for rollers is taken in 2, 3 or 4 different colors, including 1-2 canvas with drawings. It is better to choose holofiber as a filler, since the shape of the sides implies a strong effect on the product. If the bed has the usual dimensions (120 × 60 cm), then the shorter ones are made 60 cm long and 100 cm long. The optimal width of the rollers is 12 cm. For 60 cm products, a 60 × 40 cm rectangle and a circle with a diameter of 13 cm are needed Accordingly, for 100-cm rollers you need a rectangle of 100 × 40 cm and the same circle (13 centimeters). From the seamy side we sew a rectangle into the ring with large sides. Next, a circle is sewn to one of the roller holes. Another circle joins the other edge, leaving 5-7 cm open. Then the product is turned out and filled with gasket. The hole is sewn by hand.
How to sew pockets on the crib
You will need the following materials:
- 2 pieces of tape with a length of 1 meter;
- synthetic winterizer, 60 × 50 cm;
- striped fabric, 60 × 60 cm;
- 2 pieces of white fabric of 100 × 60 cm.
Width of a pocket is coordinated with bed indicators. Usually it is equal to 60 cm. The depth can be made a little smaller, about 50 cm. We fold the fabric in half and iron. Do the same with the white material. Then on the folded white cloth impose striped. Both are placed with free edges down. Then we sew the product along the borders of the striped fabric, but leave the line in the middle free only by dividing it into two halves. Next, the back pocket element is stitched. It is strengthened by padding polyester. We fold the fabric on this filler and we pin. Top and sides scribble. Then we fold both main parts face down and sew the bottom and sides. After that we turn out and level the product. At the top along the edges fasten 2 tapes. Now you can put toys and other items in the product.
A side in a bed - a useful and beautiful subject. He not only protects the child, but also allows him to feel comfortable, develop and satisfy the need to explore the world. Children's bumpers are closed to cold, which is necessary not only for one-year-old children. The sides are the protection, the toy, and the decorative pillow. You can make such a product yourself. First of all, prepare all the necessary materials. After that, the required number of parts, size and shape. After creating the samples, the necessary parameters are transferred to the fabric. Then begins the gradual process of sewing: different elements are alternately connected, gradually acquiring a finished look. Make it necessary bumpers, fasteners and decorative covers. The finished product is decorated with various soft additions. It is worth trying to make pillows of the sides in the form of animals.