Beautiful ornamental shrubs for the garden

It is impossible to create a complete harmony of the dacha landscape without ornamental shrubs. They make the natural picture complete, bright and attractive. With the help of low plants, a certain zone can be distinguished, it is advantageous to emphasize decorative elements. A unique atmosphere will create an evergreen species. They everywhere will find a place - at the hedge, along the tracks. Stunning backgrounds for perennial flowers will create shrubs of various sizes and shapes.

Types of ornamental shrubs

Ornamental shrubs can be divided into three groups, each of which, in turn, is divided into subgroups. The grouping of plants occurs in size, ability to maintain, lose leaves at certain times of the year, the duration of flowering, planting methods and other factors. Plants for garden design may be as follows:

  • Beautiful flowering. The most numerous group. Representatives of the species successfully grow in the middle lane due to cold resistance. Perennials retain an attractive appearance throughout the season. Before planting, the soil should be checked, since the composition of the soil greatly affects the duration of flowering;
  • Decorative leafy. The main beauty lies in the leaves. They may have an unusual shape, color, size. The stiffened shoots form several similar branches from the soil itself. Most of the representatives are deciduous, but there are evergreens. Plant alone or create green compositions;
  • Conifer. Almost all representatives love sour soil. The group includes both light-loving and shade-loving shrubs. Many conifers slowly grow, poorly tolerate stagnant water and drought.


Advantages and disadvantages of shrubs in the design of the site

Decorative undersized greens are widely used to create a design site. If landscaping takes place for the first time, it should be carried out according to some rules. The main color is green. Yellow, white, red leaves may be present as showy accents. The main benefits of shrubs are as follows:

  • Durability. Stunted plants, reaching a maximum ornamentation, will remain unchanged for a long time;
  • Minimal care. For most species, periodic feeding and haircuts are sufficient;
  • Neat appearance. The presence of shrubs on the site makes the territory ceremonial, noble;
  • Protection from prying eyes and drafts. The dense crown of large, fast-growing perennials creates a secluded setting;
  • The garden does not lose its charm even in winter.


Shrubs on the site - a link between the trees and low-growing herbs. Their main task is to create a smooth visual transition. But not always such an approach is beneficial. The following factors influence the reluctance of landscaping mainly from such plants:

  • The need for selection of contrasts in the form of leaves, crowns, silhouettes;
  • Mandatory combination of style with the house and outbuildings;
  • The need to comply with composite means - the ratio of the scale, mass and other things;
  • Limited use of color accents.

How to place shrubs in the country and in the garden - choose a place

Before planting seedlings in the ground, it is necessary to carefully plan their actions - choose the right place, method of planting, provide for the possible growth. On the summer cottage for decorative purposes, you can use the following methods:

  • Solitsernaya landing. Suitable for bushes with beautiful leaves, crown, which do not need a company to create an effect;
  • Group landing. Simple combinations allow the presence of only one type of plant, mixed - two or more;
  • Hedge. Located on the perimeter of the site, a separate zone.


When planting shrubs in the garden, consider the allowable distance between seedlings and fruit trees. High species during growth will not obscure undersized. The choice of plant varieties depends on the planned style. It can be a regular, landscape garden, various compositions.

Decorative flowering shrubs

Most gardeners use such plants for the purpose of zoning, creating a hedge. Varieties that bloom all season will be the original decoration of the site. In addition to the aesthetic pleasure from the stunning views, you can enjoy the refined aroma. Ornamental shrubs are used in mixed plantings, mixborders. Beautiful flowers and a stunning smell will stand on the site all the time if you plant different types of plants with alternating flowering periods.

Jasmine or Chubushnik

Garden jasmine is a beautiful, fragrant plant that can grow up to 30 years without any special care and transplantation. Chubushnik has a high frost resistance, quickly increases frozen branches and self-repair. Deciduous crops can have a variety of shapes, type of flowering and general appearance. The most popular and beautiful varieties are the following:

  • Glacier. Height up to 1.5 meters. Flowers are large and fragrant. Petals last a long time after flowering;
  • Airborne. Flexible long shoots covered with small flowers in the form of bells. It has an oblique shape due to the severity of the color;
  • Pearls. Height up to 1.3 meters. Differs the largest white flowers (7 cm);
  • Mont blanc Height up to 1 meter. The dwarfish bush is covered with large leaves, white inflorescences are collected in brushes.

Lilac

Unpretentious plant of the olive family is great in flowering, has a stunning aroma. Depending on the variety, it can form lush bushes or remain solitary, as when planted. Each type of lilac has its own characteristics. The flowers in the inflorescences can be painted in white, purple, pink, purple, purple.

Deciduous multi-shrub can reach 8 meters in height. The foliage begins to bloom early and lasts until the first frost. While ensuring the most favorable conditions, the lilac life expectancy is up to 100 years.

Forsythia

The main feature and advantage is the earlier flowering. The bush becomes covered with small yellow flowers in early spring, long before the leaves appear. It can reach 3 meters in height. The flowering period lasts three weeks. At the place where there was a flower, then leaves appear, which closer to the autumn acquire a purple hue. In place of the inflorescences, then boxes are formed, filled with winged seeds.

Bright heralds of spring will be a decoration for any site. Some varieties are able to grow and bloom in the harsh conditions of middle latitude, Siberia. Popular types of forsythia: European, intermediate, ovoid. Before planting a bright bush, you need to consider that the plant is light-requiring, prefers calcareous soil. It will look most impressive if it is placed against the background of coniferous plants.

Budley David

Exotic ornamental shrub has more than 100 species. Most of them grow only in warm climates, but there are also frost-resistant varieties. Gardeners are attracted by the unusual shape of the crown, stalks, a large abundance of foliage. Most often, the plant is used to create a hedge or planted as a tapeworm.

The protruding peduncles consist of lilac little flowers, resemble clusters of lilacs. Their length is up to 40 cm. The shrub begins to bloom in mid-summer and continues until October. A fast-growing plant in a few months to form a crown of 60 cm, expel many long peduncles, producing a strong honey aroma.

Broom

Shrub has about 50 varieties. May be evergreen or deciduous, with a spreading, fluffy crown. It grows well in dry, light soil - sandy, sandy. Adult plant in height can reach 3 meters. Bright green smooth stalks are covered with small trifoliate leaves.

At the end of May the broom grows in bloom and continues to delight those around with its beauty until the end of July. Elongated flowers are collected in the brush, can be white, pink, yellow. Some varieties have a stunning aroma. Fruits resemble beans, contain small flattened seeds.

Do not abuse the broom in the area, plant it in the front garden, next to the windows. The shrub is poisonous, contains alkaloids, can make breathing difficult. Any work with him should be carried out in gloves.

Tree peony

Artificially bred look is valued for its decorative qualities. Perennial deciduous shrub has lignified, upright stems. Bush hemispherical shape gives an annual increase. Tree peony blooms throughout the season, depending on the variety, mostly in May. This period is 2 weeks. The flowers are large (20 cm), may have double, smooth petals. On one bush fits up to 80 flowers.

Place in the garden for tree peony should be sunny and protected from drafts. This is a non-loving plant, so the nisin with the stagnation of water will not work. It is well tolerated not critical frosts, can survive the cold without shelter. The best soil is neutral, as an example, loamy.

Rhododendron

"Pink tree" can be evergreen, deciduous. It belongs to the heather family. This shrub is chosen by many gardeners for the décor of the plot, as it has a luxurious long flowering. The plant does not exceed 2 meters in height; it may have a branched, spherical, elliptical crown. The leaves are dark green in the shape of an oval or circle. In the fall, they are covered with purple. Flowers are collected in inflorescences of 5-10 pieces, can be red, pink and white.

It is better to plant the plant on elevated terrain to eliminate stagnant moisture. Representatives of the species do not tolerate the scorching sun, wind. Better them pritenyat high trees. The soil for rhododendrons is suitable acidic, breathable. Well gets along with coniferous bushes and larch. Neighbors with a shallow root system (birch, willow, linden) should be excluded.


Decorative leafy shrubs for the garden

Not only beautiful flowering shrubs attract garden lovers, but also the original shape and color of leaves. Such plants will create the correct accents if they are used in moderation. The main color should be green. Contrasting combinations should be avoided, since the burgundy, golden, red shapes located in the recreation area will only annoy. It is appropriate to plant bushes with gray, silver edging. Different shades help to successfully model the space.

Red japanese maple

Deciduous ornamental shrubs come from Japan. It can be both a mini-bush, and a high-grade full-fledged tree, up to 10 meters high. It grows very slowly. In summer, large lobed leaves are green in color; in autumn, they change to fiery red. The maple crown is large and spreading.

Growing red maple without any problems will be obtained only in southern latitudes. Seedlings require careful preparation. In cold regions, you can use a large capacity, which in winter will be brought into the heat. The plant will feel good in the penumbra and in the drained soil. Japanese maple is very moisture-loving, it is necessary to provide him with a large amount of water at least once a week.

Rowanberry ryabinolistny

Successfully applied to the formation of a hedge. The beautiful, unpretentious fieldfare got its name for the similarity of the leaves with the same tree. They have a lanceolate form. The bush is formed from a variety of upright shoots up to 3 meters high. The leaves when blooming have a pink color, become emerald in the summer, at the end of the season - red.

The shrub grows well in any place, shaded or sunny. Fertile loam is the preferred soil for rapid development. The only condition is soil moisture. Fieldfare does not tolerate drought. In winter, the bush is not warmed, because it tolerates frost well.

Euonymus

Widely used in ornamental gardening. There may be a group, single landing, a hedge. Densely branched shoots with small leaves create a beautiful spherical crown. In the summer foliage dark green, in the fall becomes bright red. Small fruits are collected in racemes, disclosed immediately after deployment of the leaves. Bright garlands on the background of still green leaves looking very original.

Location is chosen depending on the type of plant. Euonymus can not stand the stagnation of water, demanding of the soil. It should be neutral or weakly alkaline with the addition of lime.

Green apple leaf

Great decoration for the garden. Some of its species are subject to protection in protected areas. The ornamental shrub grows to a height of not more than 3 meters, it can grow to a width of up to 4 meters. The leaves are large, in texture resemble coltsfoot. Due to the lush crown of different shades, the plant does not lose its decorativeness, spectacular appearance throughout the entire growing season. Convex corymbose inflorescences appear in June and remain for 3 weeks.

Blower is absolutely not whimsical, has high frost resistance. With proper care, it begins to bloom and bear fruit on the 4th year after planting. The plant feels bad in calcareous soils, with stagnant moisture.

Winter-hardy, flowering shrubs

They allow you to enjoy both beautiful flowers and the original form of leaves. A beautiful flower garden for unstable climate can be created from a variety of frost-resistant species. They will organically fit into any design of the site. So that the color of the plant was always bright and saturated, before buying seedlings should choose the right place for a particular variety.

Derain white

The plant is able to decorate any garden composition at any time of the year. The leaves are large and voluminous with several arcuate veins, fastened on long petioles. The branches of the bush flexible, brown, red, black. The wood is dense and durable. Plant height - up to 3 meters. Abundant flowering begins in the first month of summer. In the autumn the white turf blooms again. Thick end flaps consist of small white flowers. The fruit is a drupe.

All varieties of white turf are distinguished by good winter hardiness, drought-resistant, unpretentious to the soil composition. Feel great in the shadows, partial shade. They can be planted safely along walls, fences. The variegated species are better to plant in the sun, so that the foliage does not lose the original coloring.

Spirea

Depending on the species, spireas can be of various shapes and colors. Some varieties may change color several times a year. An extensive group can be divided as follows:

  • Spring blooming. In addition to early flowering, these spireas have exclusively white flowers and approximate shades. They bloom on last year's shoots. For plants characterized by strong tillering. Popular varieties - gray spirea, Nipponskaya, Argut, Vangutta.
  • Flowering Old shoots dry out, so the inflorescences are formed on new young twigs. In most varieties of spiraea pink, but sometimes red, lilac. Popular varieties are Japanese, Bouwald, Billard.


Hydrangea

Shrub belongs to the class dicotyledonous, has a very bright colors. The leaves of plants are large, oval with a pointed tip, light venation. He was loved by many summer residents because of the long and beautiful flowering. Its gamma can be very diverse. There are hydrangeas with pink, white, blue flowers. They are formed into spherical inflorescences. Bushes wide, can grow in height up to 3 meters.

Hydrangea can be planted in spring and autumn. The plant prefers shaded places. When sunlight hits, growth instantaneously slows down, flowers grow dim. They must be watered with rain or separated water. Since the root system is very sensitive, the water temperature should not be below 15 degrees.


Mottled Shrub

The shrub always has an elegant, unclean appearance. Potentilla is resistant to low temperatures, aggressive media and many pests. A perennial plant can live up to 30 years. Quietly survives on various types of soil - in black soil, sandstone, on pebbles, stones. Branched shrub can reach a height of 1.5 meters. Young branches are covered with short down and small carved leaves, dense brown bark forms on adults.

Potentilla flowers begin to open in mid-summer and remain on the branches until late autumn. Depending on the variety, they can be yellow, white, pink. Yellow potentilla more winter-hardy. Looks great in the garden and outside the yard in the form of a short curb, hedge.

Ornamental shrubs for giving average winter hardiness

Plants from this group are not frost-resistant, but do not require special shelter during cooling. For most species, snowing is sufficient. Shrubs have an attractive exterior throughout the season.

Sumpia

The shrub has a large broad crown, which is formed by densely planted oval leaves. It can reach a height of 5 meters. Sumpy refers to long-lived. Помимо декоративных целей, ее выращивают в промышленных масштабах для получения естественного красителя для шелка, кожи, шерсти. Молодые побеги начинают ветвиться от самой земли. Со временем они покрываются серой, красной корой.

In May, June last year's shoots are covered with yellow buds in the form of a panicle. The fleecy pedicels, which after flowering, cover the whole shrub with a whitish cloud, give a special decorative effect to the bush. Sumpium grows well in any soil, even stony.

Kerria Japanese

Simple to grow shrubs - the best in its adaptability. At registration of a garden Japanese kerriya is capable to become the brightest representative creating a background. Even a novice gardener will calmly cope with an unpretentious plant. The average height of the culture - 2 meters, is regulated by trimming, molding.

Compact bush has a thin green shoots that form a pyramidal crown, over time, bend. Kerria seems fluffy at any time of the year. The main advantages of the plant - compact, early, double flowering.

Henomeles (Japanese Quince)

Exotic shrubs has impressive size. Its branches are densely covered with emerald leaves and small spines on the ground shoots. Flexible branches in spring are covered with numerous small flowers of white, red, pink color. Replace their yellow-green fruit.

The plant is absolutely not whimsical, has a high reducing ability. Chaenomeles can safely do for a long time without watering. It grows in one place and bears fruit for more than 50 years.

Unpretentious shrubs to give: photos and names of beautiful plants

When choosing ornamental shrubs to give it is necessary to pay attention not only to the splendor of the crown and the flowering period. Of great importance are the features, the complexity of care. The less labor it takes to grow it, the more valuable the plant is for the summer resident. Unpretentious and at the same time very spectacular cultures are vast.

Snowberry

The representative of the honeysuckle family is able to grow in the most shaded areas and barren soils. An interesting appearance of the shrub attached white berries that persist for a long time, even after the fall of all the leaves. Yellowish-green branches form a hemispherical crown, hang down to the ground. Popular varieties are Chinese, Pink, Sheno, Dorenboza.

Viburnum

Woody flowering shrub from the adox family. If the site has at least one bush of viburnum, its beauty will not leave all year round. Particularly interesting is the plant at the beginning of summer during its flowering period. Flowers can be white, pale yellow, pink. Leaves of usual types large peaked, at decorative grades - oval.

You can plant viburnum on any darkened area. She is not whimsical to the soil. The plant will feel great in the fence, behind the barn. The main thing - the proximity to the source of water.

If there is not enough space on the plot, and you want to accommodate a lush bush, you can easily make a slender tree out of it.

Rosehip

The second name for wild rose is wild rose. The perennial shrub boasts not only beautiful flowers, but also bright fruits filled with vitamins. In order for the plant to grow quickly and bear fruit, it must be properly watered, cut and fed. When choosing a variety for planting in the country, it is better to give preference to species with the highest content of vitamins:

  • Rose wrinkled;
  • May rosehip;
  • Spiny;
  • Rose Webb.

Irga

Berry shrub is not suitable for every garden. Caring for him has its own characteristics. The plant has a wide crown, formed from thin branches. Young branches of gray become brown as they grow older. Buds bloom a little, up to 2 weeks. They are replaced by clusters of berries. Depending on the variety may be blue, red, pink. Fruiting occurs after 4 years. Not all fruits are suitable for food.

Having taken root in one place, an irga is capable of growing for 15 years. It is hardy to drought, cold plant. He needs direct sunlight. Shrubs look great as a hedge.

Hawthorn

Shrubs are plants that combine incredible endurance to precipitation, temperature, and excellent decorative qualities. Hawthorn has a huge number of species, different leaf shape, color, size.

This is mainly tall shrubs. Oval crown form shoots, densely covered with prickles. The plant has a spectacular appearance throughout the growing season. Large fruits of different colors and graceful leaves provide this.

For hawthorn is better to take the most illuminated place on the site. They grow well in alkaline, moderately moist soil. It is undesirable to place shrubs next to apples and pears, because plants have common diseases and pests.

Shade-loving shrubs

Some suburban areas receive less sunlight. The peculiarities of the area, proximity to a pine forest, small size, the presence of high fences and buildings can create such unpleasant moments. It is possible to create a beautiful, original environment under any conditions; it is enough to plant shade-loving perennial, annual plants.

Weigela

It belongs to the honeysuckle family. There are only 15 known species of weigela. Decorative flowering shrubs under favorable conditions can bloom twice a year. The first bloom in late May, the second in August. Small flowers in the shape of a funnel or bell hang alone or are collected into inflorescences. They can be of different shades. During flowering color may change, gradually becoming more saturated.

Planted weigela under the sun, and under the openwork crowns of tall trees. Winds, drafts, lowland areas have a negative impact on the plant. Land for shrubs should be light, nutritious, able to retain moisture. Planting pits can be laid out with peat, turf, and leaf humus.

Wisteria

When choosing such a plant for decorating the site during the flowering period, the gardener will have a stunning view. Flowing lilac-purple brushes spread fragrance throughout the district. The foliage of the shrub has antibiotic properties, it releases into the air phytoncides that suppress the development of certain viral diseases.

Wisteria is a treelike vine of the legume family. Rapidly growing shoots are able to climb up to 10 meters. The real value of creepers is dome-shaped, lush inflorescences. Their maximum length is 80 cm. Flowers bloom on them in early spring, even before the leaves appear. There are a total of 10 plant varieties.


It is better to plant a vine near the porch, in front of the entrance to the terrace. Wisteria should always be visible, to constantly monitor its development and correct it in time. Powerful shoots grow rapidly and can harm neighboring plants.

Deytion

Deciduous shrub can grow up to 4 meters in height. It belongs to the family of hydrangeas. The main feature of the action is the ability of the stems to grow after injuries and frostbite, to bloom in the year of planting. A shrub with a foldable, slender crown will effectively make any site green.

A lot of flowers for a long time covers the action in spring and summer. It is great for decorating a recreation area. It is planted by the pool, next to the summer kitchen, terrace. The life of the bush - 25 years. Every year its shoots grow by 25 cm, growing from the rhizome. The plant will be comfortable in moist soil in shaded areas.

Fruit Shrubs

Such plants will present not only aesthetic pleasure, but also give the opportunity to enjoy tasty, healthy berries, if at least one of the representatives of a large group is present even in the smallest summer cottage. It is possible to pick up suitable perennials from a set of their types. With proper care, they will be a source of excellent harvest.

Currant

Shrub of the gooseberry family. Depending on the species, its height can vary 0.5 - 5 meters. Its root system is very powerful, goes deep into the ground, more than 1 meter. Shoots are straight and long, slightly covered with down.

Currant leaves consist of several blades, have a rounded, elongated shape. They can be smooth or with villi. The foliage of ornamental shrubs has an unusual shade - purple, orange, red, yellow, may vary throughout the season.

Flowering depends on the range. Mostly starts in May. Currant berry can be round or elongated. Grade affects color and taste. Popular black currant, red, white. It is better to plant a moisture-loving shrub in an open area with maximum illumination.

Raspberries

Aesthetic pleasure from overgrown prickly bushes can be obtained a little, but the taste of the berries compensates for this deficiency in full. In order for the raspberry to bear fruit, it is necessary to choose the right variety, a place to plant, to provide proper care

There are a lot of raspberry varieties. Every year, breeders develop species that are more resistant to pests and diseases. They all differ in ripeness, color, shape and size of the berries. By distinctive abilities are divided into the following groups:

  • Traditional varieties. Grow in any conditions, quickly multiply root shoots. The total harvest is not always rich, the berries are small. These include Volnitsa, Meteor, Kirzhach;
  • Remontnye. Give two or more crops per season, fruits until frost. Representatives include the variety Atlant, Apricot Raspberry, Bryansk Miracle;
  • Large fruit. The berries are very large, shrubs give record yields with excellent taste. The best representatives of the variety with branching shoots - Ruby giant, Abundant, Patricia.

Almond

Shrub with stone fruit belongs to the genus of plum. Almonds are often called nuts because they have edible seeds. The length of the plant can reach 10 meters. The root system goes 5 meters deep into the ground. During flowering shrub covered with white, pink flowers surrounded by pistils and stamens. Flowering ahead of the release of leaves and falls in the middle of spring. The pericarp begin to crack in early autumn. The berries are removed from the fruit and dried.

The choice of almond varieties is influenced by climatic conditions, the possibility of self-pollination. Shrubs grow well and bear fruit in illuminated areas in calcareous soils. If the climate is dry, irrigation is imperative.

Almonds are often planted in ornamental areas, due to its beautiful early flowering. Plants are used to create alleys and shading, properly shaped crown.

Honeysuckle

The fruits of this shrub ripen in early summer, before most of the beloved fruits. Honeysuckle tolerates frost. Roots, branches, flower buds do not freeze over even at -50 degrees. In height, the shrub grows to 2 meters. Lush crown provide a lot of shoots. The root system grows at least 1 meter in width and depth. When landing next to other cultures, this feature should be taken into account.

Honeysuckle can grow up to 20 years in one place, tolerates transplants at any age. Shrub sun-loving, prefers fertile loams. It does not tolerate too wet soil. If the site is located near the marshes, good drainage will be necessary for the honeysuckle.

Sea buckthorn

A low leaf shrub with thorns from the family Lokhovy prefers pebble, sandy soils. At the dacha it can be planted both as a decor and for berries. Sea buckthorn fruits are slightly elongated, have a bright orange, yellow color. The plant does not require special care, except for the mandatory pruning, which is necessary for the formation of a healthy, beautiful crown.

Cultures are characterized by high winter hardiness. When buying seedlings, it is better to give preference to varieties of local selection. The root system does not tolerate the proximity of groundwater. Shrub does not like transplants, so it is important to choose a permanent place for it at once. It should be on the south side, as sunny as possible, hidden from the wind.

Shrubs for hedge

A favorite method for landscape designers to create maximum comfort is the use of a hedge from shrubs. She will transfer attention from the heavy fence, decorate the whole yard. Dense plants will be an excellent substitute for any fence. Before buying seedlings for planting, it is necessary to determine the variety and type of greenery. It should be noted that each type of shrub has its own characteristics, shape, degree of growth.

Barberry

In the design of the garden can be used several types of such shrubs. Their distinguishing feature from each other is the height - 0.3 - 3 meters, the color of the leaves is golden, green, purple, with spots. All varieties bloom yellow flowers, collected in the brush.

Barberry does not like shading, so the shrub is allocated a place in the hedge in the open area or on the sunny side of the fence. Give the plant a more aesthetic appearance by forming a crown. Many trunks grow vertically upwards, so they should be cut into a ring. From the barberry bush it is easy to create various geometric shapes - a column, a ball, a pyramid.

In addition to the design techniques of landscaping the site, the barberry is used to produce useful berries. Leaves, bark, roots are allocated with curative properties.

Dogwood

The plant has a shrub form, reaches a height of 4 meters. Branches of a sprawling dogwood are located almost horizontally, covered with very dark bark. The foliage is bright, shiny, has the correct form. Fruits are large, pear-shaped with juicy, tasty pulp. Red berries showered dogwood from the rhizome itself.

Shrubs bloom unusually spectacularly - lush yellow umbrellas. The first flowers are formed very early, even before the appearance of the leaves. Due to its powerful immunity, cornels take root well in any unfavorable conditions. The life span is up to 250 years.

Boxwood

Evergreen is widespread across all continents. There are its many garden types, differing in leaf shape, size of an adult tree. Also there are variegated bushes, but they do not take root well in the middle lane, they do not withstand cold weather.

Boxwood is one of the most shade-tolerant shrubs. They have minimal requirements for light and moisture, but require sufficient heat. This is a classic plant for the construction of hedges, solitary decor and create compositions. It remains to properly trim the boxwood, and it will become a real unique decoration for the yard.

Turn

Fruit ornamental shrubs are often used as hedges. A dense crown with many spines creates a real impassable barrier to overcome. The turn belongs to the genus of plum trees, has a high growth activity, is able to tolerate pruning in any period.

Thorn leaves are elliptical, obovate, with jagged edges. Flowering occurs in late spring, highly dependent on weather conditions. The warmer, the faster the white single flowers appear. Fruits are round, blue with a waxy coating. The taste of the berries is sour and tart.

Privet

Ornamental shrubs are indispensable in the design of landscapes. Privet - a branched, densely leafy plant, which calmly transfers curly haircut at any time of the year, has minimal soil requirements.

The leaves of the shrub are small, leathery, retain the natural color of the entire season. The height of the shrub, depending on the species, ranges from 1.5 m to 3 m. Excess overgrowth is easily controlled by trimming.

The privet blooms in early summer with white and fragrant flowers, gathered in loose inflorescences. A month later, they are replaced by black shiny berries and remain on the bushes until late autumn. Leaves and berries are very poisonous to animals and humans because they contain terpenoid glycosides.

Thuja

In the genus Tui united a huge group of plants that are particularly decorative. In landscape design, such a shrub plays a major role. Evergreen shrubs cypress family hardy, do not require complex care. The most spectacular crown are the following types:

  • Pyramidal;
  • Belokonchikovye;
  • Pyramidalis compact;
  • Yellow Ribbon;
  • Columna;
  • Emerald;
  • Kolonovidnaya;
  • Globular;
  • Golden

Conifer Shrubs

Compositions of such plants are among the most advantageous and outwardly attractive. A variety of coniferous shrubs allows you to create interesting compositions with elements of different shapes and sizes. Evergreen beds purify the air, decorate the site. The hardy, fragrant needles perfectly feels in the conditions of a garden. Rich green color provides year-round attractiveness. In place of fallen needles, a new one imperceptibly grows.

Microbiota

The shrub has long been cultivated in culture, listed in the Red Book of Russia. The microbiota belongs to the family of Cypress trees, has a delicate elegant cover. In summer its color is saturated green, in autumn and winter it is brown and reddish.

The creeping shrub grows to a maximum height of 0.5 meters. The branches are slightly raised, smoothly falling downwards. Thin, flat needles tightly take root to the ground. The cover nature of the microbiota allows it to be used at the foot of more tall plants, in the foreground of compositions in the formation of landscape design.

Juniper

Выносливое, морозостойкое растение идеально подойдет для современного ландшафта. Дизайнеры включают можжевельник в базовую тройку, наряду с елями и соснами. Такие кустарники могут похвастаться куда большей вариативностью.

The powerful core roots of juniper are deeply buried under the ground, which significantly complicates the transplantation of adult plants. The height of the shrub, depending on the species can be 10-15 cm and 10 m. The branches of juniper are thin and long, curly, can form various patterns.

Yew

A small durable shrub yew is known for its unpretentiousness. Some specimens have been growing for 1500 years. All parts of the plant, including the trunk, the leaves contain toxic compounds. Dicate yew should be planted in a pair to carry out pollination. After that, on the bushes appears ovary of bright red berries.

The trunk of the plant covers the gray-brown bark. The needles are flat and soft rich green color. The main advantage of the yew - the ability to increase the thickness of the shoots, to restore the affected branches after pruning.

Fir Balsamic Nana

The dwarf pillow shrub has dense spreading branches. The crown of Nana is rounded conical, slightly rounded from the middle to the bottom. The diameter of balsamic fir rarely exceeds 2.5 meters.

The shrub grows slowly, especially in the initial stages. Young shoots are green, covered with long hairs, after a few years they become bare, red-brown. Fir does not tolerate compacted, sandy soil. Use the plant to decorate the foreground mixborder, for alpine slides, rocky gardens.

Shrub Care and Feeding

Most shrubs for the garden are hardy enough. They are able to grow with a lack of attention, careless care. But in order to get maximum color, bright healthy leaves, good harvest, they need to ensure the most acceptable conditions for growth:

  • Watering. Abundant and frequent moistening is necessary only for unrooted plants, specimens in flowerbeds and containers;
  • Top dressing. The application of complex fertilizers according to the schedule is necessary even in the most favorable soils;
  • Weed control. Eliminate the growth of various herbs can, if properly arranged bushes during planting. When their root system closes, the weeds simply have nowhere to grow.
  • Mulching. Humus from leaves, bark, chopped grass is used as a fertilizer for all types of ornamental shrubs.

Conclusion

Not a single modern garden plot will do without quality landscaping. Decorative shrubs of various shades and sizes will bring bright touches to the overall natural composition. The presence of even a small flowering bush will make the recreation area elegant and festive.

Watch the video: 5 Great Trees for Small Spaces. Southern Living (April 2020).

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