Textile decor is not only stylish and original, but also very simple, even for inexperienced needlewomen. It is possible to make volume, flat flowers from any fabric. They are fully capable of replacing living plants, which are not always able to tolerate temperature differences, the transience of time. Artificial roses, tulips, chrysanthemums were held in high esteem at any time in history. They were performed in a variety of techniques. To achieve maximum similarity with the buds, many methods have been tried.
The art of creating flower compositions from fabric and individual floral elements is constantly evolving. For work one type of fabric or the combined rags can be used. The method of manufacture depends on the type of decor - a finishing element for a dress, rim or flower on the leg for a bouquet, wreath, wedding composition. Practically indistinguishable from natural plants analogs can be made in the following techniques:
- Sewing. Use tissue cuts or ribbons. To create flowers from satin, silk will need thread, needle, scissors;
- Kanzashi Square pieces of fabric are rolled into petals. For hard work you will need satin ribbons, scissors, tweezers, a candle;
- Komono. The technique of sewing create soft flowers from small pieces of fabric;
- Ganutel Use thread and wire springs;
- Guilloche. On fabrics, a soldering iron burns all sorts of patterns;
- Shirring. To create a relief using special goggles, tweezers, skewers.
What fabric is best to create flowers
For the manufacture of flowers with their own hands will fit almost any fabric, but before you start creating jewelry it should be properly processed. Depending on the type of material used starch or gelatin. The choice of fabric is influenced by the purpose of the final accessory. It is better to make bulk products from chiffon, wool, knitwear, organza, burlap. For flat colors suitable atlas, felt.
Thin transparent material has a sandy texture, ideal for making delicate jewelry for a wedding or any celebration. Even a newbie in color clothing can handle it. You can work with a piece or ribbon. The color range of the material is not limited, which is an important advantage in the manufacture of jewelry. Light airy details add weightlessness to any image. Chiffon does not have a seamy side, it can be monophonic, coated, patterned, with the addition of Lurex.
Going chiffon flower is very simple. The petals are bonded with threads or glue. Patterns easier to do on the harvested pattern. It can be circles of different diameter, five-petalled flower. The material collected several times must be attached to the cardboard and cut the blanks. The more additions, the more magnificent the product will turn out.
If necessary, the edges of the petals can be colored. After drying them burn candles, giving a twisting form. Then all the elements are superimposed on each other, slightly shifted relative to the center and sewn with a slight tension. You can create a bright and original flower, if you use for each layer of multi-colored fabric or alternate chiffon with tulle.
One of the most popular materials for making flowers. Silk products always look natural and very beautiful. Needlewomen give him preference due to compliance and softness. Externally attractive material is easy to handle, highly hygroscopic. It dries quickly after processing, keeping the twisted shape of the petals exactly. Flowers shimmering in the sun will decorate any interior, enliven clothes.
For the manufacture of flowers often use kanzashi technique. Sharp or rounded petals are folded according to a special plan and turn into a brooch, a decoration for a curtain, a detail of a wreath. In the technique of Ganutel, with the help of threads and wire, you can make beautiful bouquets, for example, irises, asters.
Attractive weightless material suitable for the manufacture of very fragile feminine colors. Transparent polyester fabric is tough, keeps its shape. Depending on the thickness of the filaments and the color, the organza is divided into many types. But brilliant, matte, monophonic matter, with a dusting, a gradient will suit for creation of colors.
Making the simplest flower from organza begins with the preparation of parts. You can create a real masterpiece using the following fabric handling methods:
- Classic with gurgle. Flowers make patterns using a special brass tool and a soldering iron. The starched elements of the bud are heated and give them natural curves, pushing the petals into round bulges. With the help of glue or thread collect parts;
- With heat treatment. Blanks are cut according to the template. The edges of them in this case are treated with a candle flame. Synthetic material melts well, so it quickly acquires the desired shape. The rounded, darkened hem gives the petal a special charm;
- From tapes. A great option for beginner craftswomen. The tape already has an edge, so the petals will be neat without additional processing. It must be properly folded and stitched, following the prompts of the master class. The size of the interior decoration will depend on the length and width of the ribbon;
- Kanzashi Universal technology allows you to make flowers, both from individual blanks and from ribbons. Each petal is a multiply folded fabric fixed with a thread. This method is best used to create small flowers for decorating frames, cards, albums using the scrapbooking technique.
Flowers from satin fabric and ribbons
From segments or a single piece of satin get delicate puff flowers. For the work will require a cardboard form of the petals. The fabric folded in several layers is cut out along the contour and we process every detail - first we starch, then we sing the edges. To give the petals maximum similarity with the original, each of them must be held above the flame of a candle, without touching the fire, and form the desired shape. You can stretch the workpiece with your fingers, twist, and press with a pin. The method of processing depends on the particular type of flower.
You can also create amazingly beautiful flowers from the fabric, without resorting to singing, cutting and other lengthy manipulations that simplify the work. For this fit tape. You can use the following material:
- Satin ribbon;
- Rep ribbon;
- Nylon tape;
- Lace ribbon;
- Wavy braid.
Lightweight cotton fabric produces original flowers that are pleasant to the touch. Due to the variety of colors and patterns, calico décor is used to decorate children's clothes, curtains, pillows and other home textiles. Natural bright material easy to process, absolutely safe, has an affordable price.
You can make a fabric flower in several ways, cutting out the petals according to the patterns or folding the ribbon, cut. The choice of a suitable technique depends on the type and purpose of the product. For the original calico bouquet will need several round blanks. We fold them in half twice, form a triangle and sew. We connect the future petals with corners and tighten the common thread. The result was a beautiful three-leaf flower.
You can make beautiful jewelry for family look dresses with chintz stripes or ribbons. The longer the segment, the more magnificent the flower will turn out. We fold the strip along the length and sew the edge with a bend inwards so that the fabric is not sprinkled. Then we mark with wide stitches along the sewn edge and lightly stretch the thread, fix it. The strapped tape must be straightened and laid in a circle, gradually reducing the width. We fasten the edge of the tape in the center and hide it under the button.
Pliable material does not require special handling, special sewing skills, keeps its shape perfectly. Thanks to these qualities, he is popular with textile florists. From it beautiful flat flowers and volume compositions turn out.
To make a soft rose of felt, you will need to cut a wavy blank. We draw a circle on the fabric and mark the waves, the future petals. Cut out a rounded ribbon in a spiral and roll in the shape of a flower. The center of the relief bud can be decorated with a bead.
Bright poppies can be made using several techniques, leave the flower flat or add volume due to several layers of felt. To do this, you need to cut several pieces of different sizes, put them on each other in descending order of magnitude and fasten with glue or thread. Sew flat flowers from any thickness of material.
To create chrysanthemums will require a long strip of felt. Bend it in half lengthwise and make frequent cuts (3-5 mm). Fold the tape and fix with glue. The flower can be used to decorate hairpins and headbands or fasten on a wire and create a bouquet.
Where to use textile flowers
Artificial fabric flowers have a wide range of use. They can be kept in vases for a long time, since they do not require any physical maintenance. You can safely leave the bouquets for a long time without fear that they will wither. Such decorations are often used at large-scale festivals, exhibitions and other events. They can easily decorate the wedding procession, banquet hall. Fabric garlands of flowers, huge compositions are reusable.
Artificial flowers from chintz, velvet, silk will make the simplest outfit unique. Single buds will look great on hairpins, brooches, rings and even shoes. Casual accessories, handbags and belts will take on a completely new look if they are decorated with voluminous satin or organza flowers.
Fabric flowers will fit into any style of interior rooms. They are decorated with curtains and tulle, sewed belts for pillows. Beautiful garland can decorate the doorway, baguette, shelves and cabinets. The flower composition of the elements of different fabrics can be hung on the wall in the form of panels.
Ways to create flowers - master classes
A fascinating variant of needlework is not limited in the choice of techniques and materials. Textile flowers can have round or acute-angled petals and any number of them. They can be flat or bulk. Learning to quickly create real masterpieces can be very simple. For this, it is enough to study the master classes in detail, select a photo for inspiration and boldly proceed step by step to work.
Required materials and tools
The basis for textile colors is fabric. This material can be of any type and size. Tapes, canvases and even multi-colored trimming will do. The following consumables and tools are required for self-fabrication of fabric colors:
- Paints. Will help give the flower a natural shade. You can use gouache, ink, photopaint, ink, food, aniline dyes;
- Plastic palette, wide brushes;
- Clay joiner's, office. Must provide a secure fit and quickly harden. You can also use a hot gun;
- Floristic wire. It will be necessary to prepare material of different thickness for the manufacture of leaves and stems;
- The line is transparent, colored. On it are attached decorative elements - beads, beads, small flowers;
- Crepe paper. Need to create a relief, upholstery wire;
- Viscose wool. It is filled with buds, hearts of flowers;
- Needle and thread. For stapling elements, stamens;
- Brass kit for needlework. It consists of various size bulbs, petals curling hook, scissors, pliers, tweezers, and hand tools;
- Rubber pads, hard and soft. With their help corrugate leaves, squeeze out petals.
To keep the fabric parts in the desired shape, they must be specially processed. In addition to materials and tools, you need to prepare one of the following ingredients that increase the rigidity of matter - starch, gelatin, polyvinyl alcohol, wallpaper glue.
To complement the soft, home interior in the style of Provence, you can use textile colors. Fabrics with a romantic, picturesque pattern are suitable for work. To create a composition with a different mood, you can safely change the colors and textures of materials. Suitable lace, knitwear, cotton, burlap.
The process is very simple. Cut the strips 5 cm wide, fold them along and glue the tips with glue for convenience. We form the middle - tightly twist one end of the tape. Then we wrap the remnants of the flap on it, slightly tucking the edges. Fabric must be periodically fixed with a thread or glue. Rosettes can be made neat or intentionally careless, rattling textile petals. You can create an original composition from several colors.
One of the cutest things in the style of tilde - tulip. You can sew a beautiful spring bouquet from any fabric. Flowers from satin, sateen look spectacular. Novice craftswomen better start with a soft, supple fleece.
First you need to cut out the details on the template. It will require preparation for the stem, bud and leaf. The sizes can be any, but it is better not to exceed the scale of the original. We start from the stem, bend the rectangle and sew its long side. The inverted part is stuffed with cotton with a pencil. We also act with halves of leaves and buds. Finished elements must be stitched together.
If you decide to work with synthetic fabrics, their edges should be singed. Otherwise, the material will crumble and will not hold the seams. It is also not recommended to make latex tilde tulips and calico.
The best material for the manufacture of air peony will be satin, chiffon, silk. Fabric must choose pastel colors, so that the flower turned out as natural as possible. For the work will require patterns, scissors, glue.
Prepare eight identical round billets and one slightly smaller diameter. It is not necessary to make the contour perfectly level. Now each petal must be given a natural curve. For this, the edges of the circles are singed with a candle. We prepare the prepared parts from four sides, not reaching the center, and we also burn with flame.
The middle of the peony will be the yellow thread. They should be rolled up and cut, create an imitation of fibers. Preparing all the details you can begin to assemble the flower. We put the petals on each other and glue the cores, in the center we place the yellow pistil.
Clove of fabric and braid
You can make beautiful carnations in a simple way. You can use a long piece of fabric or braid. The size, volume of bud inflorescence can be adjusted by stitch width. The end result will also depend on the type of fabric and the length of the strip.
The manufacturing process is very simple. You can engage in creativity with young children. It is enough to assemble a braid or tape on a strong thread, pull it together and fasten it. The center is decorated with a beautiful bead.
For a big fluffy carnation, a piece of satin fabric will do. We make the workpiece, we crush the fabric with an accordion. The center of the future peony is tied with a thread or a line and we give the flower the desired shape. Straighten the material and form a bud.
Flowers in kanzashi technique
The principle of decorative art is the ability to collect and fold petals of various shapes from pieces of fabric. With the help of tweezers and glue from the miniature parts form the whole composition. Petals can be round or acute. For work use synthetic fabric or tapes.
We start with cutting even squares. The number of blanks depends on the design and size of the flower. In the next step, we make even triangles, folding the pieces of fabric three times. All bends must be carefully leveled. The edges can be bonded with glue and with the help of a flame of a lighter, a candle. Having leveled the blank, we get a sharp leaf.
To create rounded petals, you will need to bend the square in half and tuck both edges into the center. We take the side angles back and melt. After processing all blanks you can proceed to assembly. We glue the round details of the flower, form the correct outlines, fix the leaf on the sides.
With the help of textile colors, it is possible to give a second life to a no longer a new, but favorite dress. A newly made dress will look aristocratic and elegant if you decorate it with a field of delicate roses. To create simple and complex elements fit any textile material at hand. Gentle peonies, soft as toys, tilde tulips will be an excellent gift for any occasion.