Lining - one of the most popular finishing materials. Environmentally friendly building element made of solid wood. For more convenient use boards have grooves and spikes. They are used for interior decoration, cladding facades of buildings. To give the material the desired texture, color can be using paint mixtures. From the correct selection of compositions depends on its operational life, the ability to retain the initial characteristics.
Types of lining
Thin planed surface cladding boards are made of various materials. The most popular and durable - hardwood, softwood. Also use plastic and MDF. On the market there are two main types of wall paneling - classic and euro. You can distinguish them by visual inspection. Depending on the required shape of the profile, thickness, structure, you can choose a tongue-and-groove board from numerous subspecies. The following types are most popular:
- "Calm". The brushed board does not have a chamfer near the spike. When installing between the profile of the invisible joints. Boards are thickened, create an imitation of timber. Can be used for cladding facades;
- Classic. On the front side of the flat board there is an additional round or angular chamfer. Due to this feature, when facing, well visible seams are formed;
- Block house. The front part is completely rounded. After assembly, it seems that the walls are assembled from round logs. Used in saunas and baths;
- Laund house. The surface is smooth with a complex pattern. The effect is achieved through additional processing (hot stamping, milling);
- American. Simulates siding panels. The cone-shaped lamella has a chamfer at the thorn. Used for interior decoration;
- Bilateral. It has two working parties. Due to the small thickness, it is recommended to use only for partitions indoors. There are no compensation channels;
By the way of processing wooden paneling is divided into varieties - "extra", "A", "B", "C". You can distinguish them visually. On the front side of the board "premium" class, the slightest knots, cracks are unacceptable. Class "A" accepts wood without rot, blue, resin pockets. Light healthy knots are possible. In grade "B" are allowed resin pockets. The cheapest grade "C" allows for blue, wane at the rear.
Advantages and disadvantages of painting the wall paneling
Painting lining enamel, colorless varnish can extend the life of the material. If the board is used for wall cladding, work surfaces in the utility room, you can do with the usual impregnation. In a house or apartment, wood trim is better to paint with high-quality paint for practical and decorative purposes. After all, it is much more expensive to replace a damaged upper layer of wood than a few cans of enamel. You can purchase a finished painted board or paint it yourself. Do-it-yourself covering panels has a lot of advantages:
- The possibility of coloring elements in different colors, applying your own pattern, texture;
- Cost savings. Treated lining is much more expensive;
- Ability to choose the most incredible shade;
- Increased resistance to negative external factors;
- Quick dry.
It is necessary to paint lining before installation. During the normal drying process at the joints there will be no bright streaks spoiling the whole look.
There are practically no flaws in the painting of the wall paneling. The main negative point is the loss of the natural pattern and type of wood. Some negative consequences can be avoided if you take into account the purpose of the room when choosing a paintwork material. For baths and saunas oil impregnation, linseed oil is not suitable. It is better to use solid mixtures with the addition of wax. In enclosed, unventilated areas, the use of combustible, toxic enamels is not recommended for painting wooden boards. Staining of floors from lining should be carried out taking into account the abrasion of the material. To avoid having to repaint often, you should choose a mixture with high wear resistance.
Solutions used for dyeing
There are many tools to cover the wall paneling. These are compositions for internal and external covering of rooms. They differ in composition, speed and quality characteristics. For example, a wooden outer facade is influenced by ultraviolet rays, wet precipitation, high, low temperature, so the overwhelming component should include protective components in the overwhelming majority.
It is possible to decorate the lining of the inside of the house with ordinary enamels and paints. Painted natural boards have an original appearance. Each mix after painting gives a certain effect to standard lining. The choice of solution depends on the preferences of the owner of the dacha or city building.
Protective agents: properties and application technology
Competent and timely use of protective equipment allows natural lining not to lose the appearance, the original structure for many years. Antiseptics can improve the moisture resistance and durability of the material. Also, the solutions exclude the defeat of insects, various microorganisms, the formation of mold, destructive not only for lining, but also for the health of the owners of the cottage. Based on the basis of manufacturing, antiseptics are divided into four main groups:
- Organic solvents. They penetrate deep into the material, destroy the foci of rotting, mold, prevent the appearance of new ones. Actively struggling with biological contamination. Have a sharp smell. Can be used inside and outside the room;
- Water soluble products. Temporarily protect the wood in contact with moisture. Used as a preventive measure;
- Oil antiseptics. It is recommended to process the lining which is in the open air in contact with soil, moisture. Effectively protect the material in difficult conditions;
- Combined blends. The composition of the solutions include various substances. Inherent in each of the groups. Do well with mold, moisture, high temperature. It is possible to use both for internal processing, and for external.
To reduce the negative impact on the paneling using various solutions. Bioprotective compounds successfully fight pests, mold, fungus. Fire retardants provide fire protection, slow down the spread of fire. In the quality of the base coating using complex means of protection - biopyrenes. Chlorine-containing mixtures, hydrogen peroxide, special industrial liquids can be used for bleaching wood. Lining of low types of wood must necessarily be treated with primer to fill the pores.
Protective means lining cover before varnish, decorative processing. The technology of application consists in the impregnation of each fragment separately and from two sides. Brush or roller distribute the antiseptic over the entire surface with a thin layer. It is necessary to get to all hidden areas (corners, grooves). To dry wooden boards should not touching each other.
Lacquer compositions and their properties
To freshen the lining soaked in antiseptic and to elevate the finish, the wood is varnished. The required composition of the solution is selected based on the type and purpose of the room.
Resin-based oil lacquers can have a different shade - from clear to dark chocolate. The coating quickly hardens, forming a dense film. It is easy to wash a moisture resistant surface, it is completely ready for further painting. The main disadvantage is a high level of fire risk.
Alkyd universal solutions have a high resistance to external negative factors. They are absorbed deep into the wood, so dry for a long time (up to 3 days). Alkyd carbamide varnishes have almost identical characteristics. Before use, the solution must be mixed with an acid hardener. Differs in strong gloss after hardening. The disadvantage is the high price, fast ignition.
Alcohol polishes and varnishes are used in minimal quantities to cover the individual elements of the wall paneling. A very thin layer of the solution is applied with a cotton swab or small brush. The dried coating glistens noticeably, gaining elasticity. Some types of alcohol mixtures do not tolerate sunlight, and therefore cannot be used on large areas of the wall paneling.
The composition of nitrocellulose lacquers include plasticizers, resins, pigment. After drawing on wood form a dense protective and decorative coating. They do not cover the wall paneling, intended for finishing facades. Nitrolac does not tolerate sunlight. High temperature
Polyurethane, acrylic water-based solutions are applied on the lining in several layers due to the strong volatility of the mixture. They have the property of surface tension, do not crack and are not erased. The lacquer adheres firmly to wood, protects it from chemicals and getting wet.
Paints on different compositions to cover wooden lining
A large variety of decorative mixtures allows you to choose the most extraordinary solutions for the implementation of bold design ideas. With the help of paint products, you can give the wall paneling absolutely any color and texture. For interior decoration of a country house, you can use the following colors:
- Acrylate. Resistant to precipitation, long retains its brilliance and color. The paint has good adhesion, slowly wears;
- Oily. It is well absorbed into the wall paneling, does not allow moisture, allows the material to breathe. Over time, it may fade;
- Water emulsion. Keeps wood texture, gives a matte shade. The paint dries quickly and is odorless;
- Silicone. Withstands impressive mechanical loads. It has good vapor permeability, masks defects. Keeps color 30 years;
- Alkyd enamel on the basis of. Suitable for decorating the wall paneling. During the long drying emits a pungent unpleasant smell. Fade quickly in the sun;
- Wax. Traditional, natural material for the processing of lining. After painting, it retains the natural pattern of the tree, gives a matte, glossy shine;
- Silicate. The composition includes liquid glass, which greatly improves the characteristics of the paint. She is not afraid of ultraviolet rays. Dye with high fire resistance protects the wall paneling from temperature changes.
How to calculate the required amount of paint
Any repair or construction must begin with an estimate and detailed instructions. Consumables, such as paint for lining, must be purchased with a margin. When calculating, it is necessary to take into account the peculiarities of the surface, instruments, the professionalism of work performers, the number of layers and the texture of the mixture.
If the whole room is painted, then first of all it is necessary to determine its perimeter. We take away the area of doors, windows, openings and other uncultivated surfaces. The result should be compared with the standard consumption of the selected type of paint. Manufacturers place such information on the product label. It is necessary to understand that the quantity is specified taking into account the work under ideal conditions, for one layer of dyeing.
Technology of painting the wall paneling
Elements of lining painted on production cost several times more expensive than raw boards. The services of hired workers are also not cheap. To save money, you can spend all the stages of coverage on their own. To do this, fortunately, is not difficult. Properly chosen consumables, auxiliary materials will enliven the interior and fill the house with new colors.
The application of enamel should be carried out after antiseptic procedures, priming and varnishing. When working with any mixture should follow certain rules. Only in this case, you can count on a positive result.
Required materials and tools
Even a beginner can qualitatively paint the wall paneling. It is better to work with new material. It is enough to simply prepare, process and dry. The task is complicated if the boards were already in use, and toning needs to be updated. You can repaint only clean wallboard. The method of removing varnished coating is the same for all types of wood. To whiten pine, larch is better in warm and ventilated areas. Coloring of wood panels is carried out using a minimum set of tools and materials. It is necessary to prepare:
- Paint tray;
- Galvanized plastic bucket;
- Brushes for applying paint of different sizes, roller, spray gun;
- Ladder, allowing to get to the ceiling;
- Solutions for staining (stain, varnish, enamel, primer);
- Tools for stripping, grinding, rubbing (sandpaper, leather patches, grinding machine and others);
- Wide goggles, mask, gloves.
For paint on the wall paneling, you can use a brush, spray gun or roller. Choosing the right tool will make the process much easier. In a small area, you can use a wide brush. The paint in this case should be moderately thick, so that no visible traces of smears remain. Such material can be given color, as individual boards, and mounted structures.
It is better to use the roller for covering eurolining and other types of boards with a smooth surface, with unexpressed seams. You can take a wide tool, immediately exciting two boards. This will speed up the process and reduce paint consumption.
When using a household spray gun it is necessary to prepare for a large consumption of water-based emulsion. To paint better absorbed into the tree, the solution should be made very liquid. With this technology, inevitable smudges and layering. It is necessary to strictly observe the distance between the injection, so that no drops form.
Drying and moisture content of the wall paneling
Only high-quality, dry wood can be used for cladding. Wet lining necessarily spill and crack after some time after installation. To determine the degree of humidity at home can be a popular way. The weight of a dry board is significantly different from a wet one. A mechanical pencil on a dried lining will not leave a purple stripe. The sound of dry wood will be louder.
You can resort to the folk methods, if there is comparative wet material at hand. If there is nothing to compare with, you can use a mechanical method of verification. Drill a hole in the test wood. Hold the cutter in one position for 20 seconds. A visual analysis of the excavation will show an approximate moisture content. The hole began to smoke - the board was overdried, nothing happened - the humidity was normal, a fringe was formed - raw lumber. It is necessary to dry lining under a canopy in the open air within several months.
It is necessary to thoroughly dry the wall paneling after each treatment (impregnation, priming, varnishing, painting). If these are separate boards, they should be placed in a ventilated room or carried out in warm weather until completely dry. The hardening time for each solution used is individually calculated by the manufacturer. Drying time may increase if the paint is applied in several layers.
Proper preparation of the wall panel for painting makes it easier to work with the material in the future. New dried boards should be decontaminated. With strong dust, you can use a damp cloth and baking soda. Then you need to eliminate all defects. The wood is polished with pumice or fine sandpaper. Small particles clean and apply the primer.
If the wall paneling has already been used, the preparatory work includes the mandatory cleaning of the old coating. Paint, old varnish removed with solvents. Multilayer dried materials are removed with a brush for metal, hair dryer, construction spatula.
If in the future the old lining will be covered with clear varnish, it is better to use a mechanical cleaning method. Solvents and removers may bleach unevenly.
It is simpler to paint wooden lining before its installation. The solution should be applied in a thin layer, slowly moving from top to bottom. If a brush is selected for work, it should have a semi-rigid bristle. To avoid divorces, the brush should not type a lot of paint.
The roller should have a pile of medium length. Dipping it in the paint and rolling it around the tray, the tool is pressed against the wall paneling with moderate strength and rolled several times. On the surface there should be no voids and stains. If boards are already assembled, their edges must be painted with a brush. Coloring with an airbrush will be faster, but a part of the paint will spread on nearby objects.
Coloring with painted wall paneling
Non-standard solution will give the wood an aged, aristocratic look. You can create such an effect with the help of a drill with a special nozzle - a brushed ball. When processing the surface, grooves are formed, which, when painted, appear as an unusual pattern. Его глубину можно регулировать за счет проходов шара.
Для покраски доски можно использовать темные или светлые масла. The coating is applied by the “dry brush” method, using a dense sponge, and evenly rubbed over the surface. The first layer dries 2 hours. Then apply light oil or paint. After 15 minutes, remove the rubber spatula, well pressing it to the surface. After drying, the tree will have an interesting aged effect.
Wood painting preserving texture
Paint the wall paneling and preserve the texture of the wood is very simple. To do this, use lacquer, pigmented oils and lazur. Works can be carried out on separate boards or already on a sheathed wall. Use a roller and several brushes of different sizes.
The technology of texturing consists in applying dispersion lacquer with a brush on small fragments of the material and subsequent uniform distribution. For spreading use a roller. It is necessary to move strictly along the natural furrows. After 10 minutes, the excess mixture must be removed. The varnish remains in the grooves, making the drawing bright and brilliant.
How to paint the clapboard under bleached oak
To achieve the effect of bleached oak and to preserve the natural beauty of the tree, you can use the stain "hoarfrost", "white oak", clear wax oil, polyurethane, acrylic pigment "bleached".
First of all we apply tinted thin layer. Then we cover with oil. Application density depends on the expected result. If you need a pronounced pattern, it is necessary to remove the excess and wipe the surface with a rag. Wood can be whitened with a primer. But it should be borne in mind that on some rocks with time it will turn yellow. For example, pine material can be whitened with ordinary gray wood paint.
Make the interior of the room attractive and original by artificially aging decorative materials. Natural lining without coating looks monotonous. You can add antiquarian value to it in several ways:
- Brashirovanie. Suitable for pine or oak. The top layer of the rock is removed with a coarse brush, grinded and coated with a stain of any color, for example, wenge;
- Pantinirovanie. Use two colors of paint, slightly different shades. The first enamel is applied with a thick layer and allowed to dry. Then paint a thin layer of lighter paint. After complete drying, rub over the surface with an emery paper. It creates the illusion of numerous repainting the wall paneling;
- Paraffin treatment. Wax is applied to individual areas unevenly. Then repeat the process of pantanizing. After drying, it is removed with a spatula and the board is treated with stain. It turns out the effect of wear.
Ideas staining lining in the interior of the apartment / house
In the interior of city apartments painted lining almost never occurs. Natural material will take root on loggias and balconies. Style decisions of country houses, on the contrary, will be added with a natural highlight when using wooden profiles.
Unusually looks combination lining different thicknesses. The wide profile is alternated with thin and colored. Paint in one color, but different intensity. Cavities and waves form flat profiles and a block house. The lighting zones are whitened, the remaining ones are simply coated with clear varnish.
Originally looks bleached wall paneling on the ceiling, located between the dark massive beams. In the bedroom, living room, nursery, you can create an exclusive wall covering, paint the wood in any bright color, paint patterns.
Processing of the wall paneling is an exciting, enjoyable process, despite the seriousness of the event. The abundance of materials for dyeing, decorating methods make the processing of wooden profiles accessible and in demand. When self-finishing wood it is necessary to remember that most paints and varnishes are toxic in a liquid state and can be harmful to health.