As you know, the house begins with a hallway. This small and cramped room is the first to meet the hosts and guests, and it also creates a general impression of both the apartment itself and the nature of its owners. Order for the hallway is of paramount importance. The pledge of a neat situation will be properly organized storage system. First of all, it concerns shoes, which in large families can accumulate in the hallways in "indecent" quantities. For her special shelves, cabinets and drawers. Some are included in the "hanger-wardrobe" kit, others are freestanding furniture items. We will talk about how to make a shelf for shoes with your own hands, what tools you need to work with and get acquainted with the principles of selecting the best materials.
Shoe rack - types and characteristics
Choosing the perfect shoe shelf is complicated by the rich assortment of these products in the furniture market. There are both modest, compact “bachelor” models and massive storage systems designed for entire collections of shoes. There is no uniform classification for shoe shelves. They differ in height, width, depth, performance materials, opening methods, the presence of additional compartments, holders, and supports for other objects. The so-called shoeboxes can be divided into several types:
- Whatnot They are small open shelving, separated by horizontal shelves. The number of "floors" depends on the volume of shoes that will be stored on them. In common they are called galoshnitsy.
- Benches combined with shelves. The lower part of the furniture element is reserved for storage of shoes, and the upper one is drawn up like a seat. Such benches belong to compact options for close hallways.
- Shelf-tables. In fact, these are the same stools, but on the top of the storage system they fix not a place for sitting, but a tabletop. You can put a flower arrangement, a small sculpture, a clock and other decor on it.
- Shelves and cabinets closed or slim-model. Ordinary horizontal drawers are considered impractical, therefore, in modern models, they have increasingly begun to use special slim mechanisms that rotate with the door and lead the shelves to the “tilted” position. In the closed state, the shoes are kept upright.
Depending on the location, the shelves can be floor and wall. Suspended models are very rare, even in the author's design projects.
Selection of materials
Wood, its derivatives (MDF, chipboard), PVC pipes, metal, metal profile and even thick cardboard and laminate are used as the main material for the storage system. Also suitable for work pallets - wooden pallets used in construction. In some models, materials are combined. For example, the frame of the bookcase (galoshnitsa) can be made of metal tubes, and the shelves of the crossbar of wood or plywood.
Like any other piece of furniture, the shelf must comply with the chosen style of the interior room. For high-tech and loft fit simple models of metal and pipes. Such an option will look especially colorful against the background of "branded" brickwork in the hallway. For a group of rustic styles, with Provence at the head, open-type wooden shoes will suit. The surface of the product is covered with an inconspicuous paint and artificially aged. Perfectly this option will look in combination with wicker boxes, baskets, which are placed on the upper tiers. For country, you can choose a model from the boxes, which are put on each other, and then fix the entire structure with glue. For minimalism use the original options. For example, a product that can hardly be called a "shelf" in the literal sense of the word: a series of vertical poles on a stand. On each "put" on the boot. For classic styles use luxury models of the closed type with a thread on the doors. Graceful banquettes on twisted legs with a storage system located under the seat will also fit them.
Master classes and unusual solutions for the manufacture of shelves with their own hands
Before work it is necessary to decide on two main nuances:
- Shelf design.
The more complex the product design, the more skill and time it will take to create it. For beginners, it is better to start with simple forms of shelves or tables, cupboards, combined with shelves.
It is possible to make an original, author's model of a shoe shelf from a chipboard. Consider the process of making an unusual design-maze. To work will require:
- Chipboard sheets.
- Pins and special glue.
- Grinding machine for processing slices.
- Tape measure and pencil.
- Iron and edge banding.
- Office knife for trimming excess tape.
- Confirmats, screws, plugs.
This design has an arbitrary number of shelves that form a system with different-sized "cells". DSP must be cut into individual modules. They can be divided into two types:
- Four parts for sides, cover and bottom tray.
- Modules of the same length, from which the elements in the shape of the letter “P” will be formed.
The last parts in random order fill the inner space of the box. How exactly the shelves will be located depends only on the master's imagination. Connect the parts together with the confirmatics. Previously with the help of a hot iron on the slices glued edgeband.
Wooden boards in processed form can be purchased at any hardware store. All that remains to the master, so it pruning and the correct connection of parts. The work will require the following set of tools and materials:
- Roulette, pencil.
- Screws and screwdriver.
- Metal corners.
- The boards themselves.
- Varnish or paint.
First you need to decide on the design of the future shoemaker. It is better to pre-make a sketch on a sheet of paper. In the drawing, immediately you need to sign the length, width and depth of the shelf. Consider the process of creating a shoe on the example of a simple open galoshnitsy:
- On boards mark lines of future cuts. You will need to trim the two sides, the lower and upper part (cover), the transverse shelves directly under the shoes.
- After that, you can start cutting boards using a saw. Uneven cuts sanding sandpaper.
- Then the assembly begins. The shelves and the top / bottom cover are attached to the sides with screws, angles and a screwdriver. At the points of fastening pre-drilled holes with a slightly smaller diameter than the screws.
- The surface of the shoebox is varnished or painted.
After the composition dries, the finished shelf can be put in the hallway or corridor and place shoes on it. Instead of the classic sidewalls of the boards, you can use bars, bricks or even glass bottles. For the latter option, the shelves will have to cut holes for the neck, on which they will "wear." The option with the use of bricks suitable for the most lazy. Such a composition is not suitable for every style. Best of all, it will look in the industrial interior. First, from the bricks, stacked in two or three rows, form the "legs". After that, they fix the first shelf. Then comes the second side row of bricks and again the horizontal crossbar. The number of floors of such a rack is unlimited. Over time, you can even add new shelves to your design.
For the manufacture of simple metal shelves, do not need to puddle in the forge. Laconic shelves of thin tubes are very popular in modern interiors. Modules of different lengths are cut out of them, which are then fastened using fittings (tees, corners). The edges are plugged with plugs, and the construction itself is fixed on the wall. Pipes must be covered with a special anti-corrosion compound that will protect the material from the damaging effects of moisture. You can use a special paint with the effect of bronze, silver or gold. This shelf is ideal for the interior styles of steampunk, retro and loft. For minimalism, an even simpler design in the form of a “bare” frame is used. On its crossbeams hooks are fixed, on which shoes will be hung later.
Working with plywood is a lot like making a shelf made of chipboard. However, the material has several advantages in comparison with its main competitor:
- Plywood has a better moisture resistance than chipboard. After wetting, which often happens with "street" shoes, the material dries out and does not deform. DSP can lose its shape.
- For many aesthetes plywood is more attractive in appearance than chipboard. It is often used in its raw form during final repairs.
- Plywood has a higher resistance to abrasion than chipboard, which eventually begin to crumble.
Best of all look large full-fledged shelves of semi-closed plywood type (with a backdrop), which are filled with numerous shelves of different sizes in a random order.
From wooden slats
To make a shoe rack from wooden slats, you will need the following tools:
- Screws for wood.
- Paint or varnish.
You can do some laths or combine them with bars that will play the role of the sidewalls. Consider the first option:
- First, carry out measurements and draw a drawing of the future design.
- After that, on the slats make notes for cutting.
- The material is cut into the required number of modules. Four racks for the sidewall, paired supports for each shelf and the shelves themselves will be required.
- The modules are interconnected in accordance with the drawing. Work should start from the bottom shelf.
- The design is coated with varnish or paint. If necessary, the place cuts pre-treated with sandpaper.
After the composition is dry, the shoebox can be used for its intended purpose.
Laminate can quickly make a simple shelf. For work only the main material and metal tubes will be required. The number of sheets of laminate depends on the size of the future shoemaker. In the metal tubes with the help of grinders make slots. Then they insert shelves. Plugs are attached to the ends of the tubes to protect the holes from dirt and dust.
From metal profile
The metal profile in a stylish homemade shoe box harmonizes with the tempered glass from which the shelves are made. To work will require:
- Level, roulette.
- Glass cutter for shelves.
From a metalprofile unusual wall shoemakers turn out. First you need to take measurements, fix the guide on the wall with screws and check how exactly it is located using a level. After that, you can assemble a frame made of metal profiles. Then, using a glass cutter, shelves are made. The tempered glass is inserted into special niches in the frame and the shoemaker is ready. This design ideally emphasizes the coldness of hi-tech and the conciseness of the modern style.
Out of the box
This may seem surprising, but you can make sufficiently durable, wear-resistant furniture out of thick cardboard. The only drawback of this material is the lack of protection from moisture, which is impossible to compensate for. Assemble the design of several modules, which are cut out of the boxes. Each item is manufactured separately. Cut a piece from the box along with the bottom. The height of the module will be equal to the depth of the future shelf, since it will be placed horizontally (that is, the bottom will “look” at the wall). Each detail for giving of additional durability is pasted over with the second layer of a cardboard. After all the modules are ready, they are interconnected, placing them on top of each other. It turns out a compact bookcase. Since the cardboard surface has a rather unsightly look, it is additionally pasted over with paper.
From wooden boxes and pallets
Shelves of pallets and boxes are considered, perhaps, the most concise and simple to manufacture. The design can be built in just a few hours. The construction pallet is carefully sanded using sandpaper or a sanding machine. Then it is covered with a special water-repellent composition. After that, the pallet is placed in a vertical position and simply leaned against the wall. Shoes put in between the cross-planks. For the manufacture of classic shelves, the pallet is cut into several parts, which are connected to each other in the manner of a shelf, separated by bars. The design of the boxes collected with glue. The material is also pre-sanded and coated with a special protective composition. After assembly, the structure can be painted. There is still a wall option for the "lazy." The boxes are painted in different colors, according to the principle of analogy or contrast, and screwed to the wall, leaving spaces between the modules. The composition takes up exactly as much space as the master will take for it. Some boxes can be "broken" inside with the help of shelves. In the future, they will be used for "low" shoes (shoes, shoes). Others are decorated with vertical partitions. This option is suitable for compact storage of summer shoes (slates, Vietnamese, slippers). Those boxes that remain intact, are used to accommodate high boots. This way of organizing looks bright, fun and slightly messy, so it suits only light styles: fusion, eclectic, ethnic, a group of village trends.
Shoe shelf made of PVC pipes is quite simple. The work will require the following tools:
- Special knife for cutting plastic.
The design will have a "honeycomb" shape. Such a shelf is assembled according to the constructor principle: it is convenient to add new modules to it and it is easy to give the most bizarre configuration. The pipes are cut into pieces of the same length so that the shoes fit. Then these models are interconnected, gluing them with sides. The finished structure can be painted or pasted over with any available material. Even not very clean shoes can be put in a PVC shelf, as the material, unlike wood and metal, is not afraid of exposure to moisture.
Round rotating bollard
It is not so difficult to make a round rotating shoebox as it may seem at first glance. Work will require sheets of chipboard or plywood to choose a master. It is necessary to make several blanks:
- Round for shelves.
- In the form of rectangles for internal crosses, supports, on which the whole structure will hold.
To accurately draw circles on a sheet of material, you can use a special compass or use the old “old-fashioned” method with a thread, which is fixed in the center of the future circle, and then outline the outline of the figure with a pencil attached to the other end. Uneven cuts need to sand with sandpaper or with a grinding machine. After that, they are decorated with edging tape, which is glued using a hot iron. Then the rectangular elements are interconnected, forming crosses. The number of these parts depends on how many gaps between the shelves will be, that is, on the number of floors of the shoemaker. Every two adjacent circles are connected with crosses. Work begins with the lower tier. In conclusion, a special rotating support mechanism is attached to the bottom.
Obuvnitsa pouf / bench
In fact, this is an ordinary shoebox, which is covered from above not with an ordinary lid, but with a table top or seat. You can assemble a shelf from solid wood or chipboard, sometimes using bars. If the shoebox is to be used as a bench for pereobuvaniya, then the design must be additionally strengthened to increase the margin of safety. Instead of building a new shelf, you can use the old chest. It is sanded, covered with a layer of varnish, paints or pasted over with paper. The storage system is formed from plywood sheets, making a "grid". Its width should be equal to the height of the chest, so as to put it inside should be upside down. Shoes put it vertically. Top cover of the chest covered with soft pillows or a special seat for ease of use.
Corner cabinet with his own hands
For the manufacture of corner cabinets is better to use plywood, chipboard or wood. Shelf will have backdrops, with the connection of which the assembly of the structure will begin. It is also necessary to cut two identical parts for the pallet and the cover. It is better to smooth the concave areas and make them semi-circular. With trimming material will have to tinker, but the result is worth it. Soft, wavy lines will not only fit the modern style, but also organically blend into any modern or classic trend. The lid and the pallet are connected to the sidewalls, and then proceed to work with filling the shelf.
Obuvnitsu can be made even from the old stepladder. It is fixed in the working position, after which boards are placed on the steps that serve as shelves. Некоторые мастера идут дальше и обрезают стремянку, после чего привинчивают ее к стене. Дальше действуют по аналогичному алгоритму и закрепляют поперечные перекладины вместо полочек.If a lonely girl lives in an apartment who loves to wear shoes with heels, then a concise wall-type storage system consisting of strips of baguette will suit her. They are fixed on the surface of the wall, having the "shelves" parallel to each other. Shoes cling to them for heels. Instead of pieces of baguette, you can use the eaves or towel holder and two hooks.