Baskets began to be made back in antiquity, when the first weaving techniques appeared from improvised materials (mainly vines). They were supplemented with handles or special straps for carrying on the back. Initially, containers were replaced by modern bags and bags, which are usually put products or small things. Small baskets called basketlets. With them often went to the forest for berries or mushrooms. Tanks that are used as household utensils, called kuzkovki. Now wicker baskets in the interior are used primarily to decorate the room. They simultaneously perform both decorative and practical functions, as they also become an additional storage system. Let's talk about what styles the baskets are combined with and from what materials they are made.
All about baskets
Classify baskets by material and manufacturing technology, size, shape. They can also be closed (have covers) or open. As for the material, they mainly use the following varieties:
- Beresta. The top layer of birch bark is cleaned and cut into thin, wide strips. They make strong but light baskets and boxes. In the latter, they used to carry firewood and other heavy contents. This element fits perfectly into the ethnic Russian interior. Complete with log walls of logs, home-made paths, clay “glachikami”, massive chests and embroidered cushions of the basket will help bring the situation to the authentic.
- Willow twigs. The material was used everywhere for making wicker furniture, fences and containers. Dark willow vine, like grape, has the flexibility and durability. Baskets from it will serve long. As a rule, products have large dimensions and are used to carry weighty contents.
- Rafia The material is a dense, "fluffy" rope of natural fibers, which are extracted from the leaves of the palm of the same name. Baskets are soft, easy to fold. Not bad similar option looks in the African ethnic style.
- Water hyacinth. Baskets of this material are made according to a special technology. The surface of the product has a specific pattern that resembles a set of facial loops knitted on knitting needles. The original decor is combined with Provence, Scandinavian style, country.
- Rattan. Treated stems of tropical vines (calamus) for the domestic market remained exotic. From the rods weave strong baskets with solid walls without the traditional Russian-style "gaps" and elegant weaves. High, slightly expanding capacities are considered to be a necessary interior element in the African style and in a number of ethnic areas originally from Latin America.
- Bamboo. Baskets of material are light and elegant. In the manufacture rarely resorted to complex weaving. A set of bamboo strips are usually just sewn with white thread. Ideal for a similar version of minimalism and Japanese style.
- Jute. The material is usually used for the manufacture of burlap or rope. Natural fibers have a pleasant whitish shade. Soft, pliable baskets will not keep their shape well, which is easy to fix with a frame. More often, such containers are still used as “pocket” ones, that is, if necessary, they can be rolled up and hidden until better times.
- Plastic tapes. PVC began to be used everywhere. Plastic products are cheap, but they will last a long time. The material may have a variety of shades or textures. Baskets are easy to clean, are not afraid of moisture, so they can be used in the bathroom or in the kitchen.
Baskets can be knitted from knitting yarn with a crochet (knitting), made with your own hands from paper, wood, and even metal.
Baskets are also divided into types depending on the functional purpose. For example, jardinieres were used for storing and transporting flowers. Gabions, which had no bottom, were filled with earth or stones and used as protection against stray bullets during military operations (they replaced sandbags). Now this decor no longer belongs to the military style, but has become a universal decoration for summer cottages (instead of a fence). Purses were soft and compact if necessary. To carry the hay used shoulder stones. In the big boulders and more miniature nests, they carried fodder to livestock.
Options for using baskets in the interior
This simple but beautiful decorative element is able to decorate any room in a house or apartment. The main thing is to choose the right capacity for color, size and shape. Baskets in the workshops of needlewomen look stylish and practical. They are ideal for storing yarn, pieces of cloth, accessories, bead bags or tools for work. In the library or in the office for baskets, there will also be a place: they put notebooks, notebooks, temporarily unused writing materials in them. Solid interiors, they slightly soften and add comfort, and a light atmosphere will make even more unobtrusive and comfortable for home.
In the hall
In the hallway baskets can be put on the floor under the bench for pereobuvaniya or mounted on the wall, in the manner of hanging shelves. In the wicker packaging store shoes, accessories for her care (sponges, brushes, creams), small items near the mirror (combs, keys, wallets) or umbrellas and canes (if you use a high basket). In the furniture market recently appeared original kits. Instead of traditional drawers, they use baskets with side handles. The furniture really looks cozy, neat and slightly rustic. Such a set can replace the traditional "hall", consisting of a set of lower and upper shelves, between which is a bench and coat hooks.
In the living room
A large, bulky basket with a lid in the living room will replace the coffee table. Ornaments, braided from a rod or bark, in an artistic disorder are placed in a room. A basket placed near the chair will serve to store a folded rug, extra pillows, or an unread book. In a rectangular container, which flaunts next to the niche under the TV, put the wheels. Backgammon, chess, monopoly and other board games, which are only available for large companies, are also put in the basket, which is placed in the corner. A stylish solution will be the rack, the open shelves of which alternate with wicker drawers. Staggered, they can overlap with the pattern on the floor, wallpaper or carpet.
In the bedroom
In the bedroom baskets are used mainly for storing bed linen. Large braids are either hidden in a closet, a rack, under the podium on which the bed is standing, or placed near the bed, in a corner, in a prominent place. In the bedroom in the style of Provence large packaging will be in harmony with light trim and plenty of wood. Miniature baskets are used for storing small items: jewelry, hairbrushes, cosmetics. They are placed on the top of the chest, dressing table, bedside table.
In the nursery
In the children's room, the baskets will replace traditional plastic boxes. For tanks, they buy a separate rack, in which they all compactly fit. In baskets add toys, books, things. For the latter purposes, it is still recommended to purchase containers made from natural material. If the nursery cannot boast an area, then the baskets are hidden under the bed.
In the kitchen
Initially, baskets were only used in the kitchen. They are adapted for storing vegetables, which quietly do without a refrigerator (onions, potatoes, carrots, beets), wine bottles, glasses, glasses, other dishes, towels and tacks. It is most convenient to use such a container instead of a drawer: it looks beautiful and takes up little space. More compact and elegant baskets put on the table: they put napkins, fruit, spices in jars. Wicker packaging is convenient for picnics. Collect food for relaxation, you can immediately in the kitchen, putting it in a basket and decorated with embroidered or checkered napkin.
In the bathroom
For the bathroom, it is still recommended to use containers made of plastic strips. It will serve for a long time, it will not deteriorate due to high humidity, and it is easy to wash it. As a rule, in the role of the main basket of the bathroom serves the container for dirty linen. However, clean towels, household chemicals and other necessary little things also have to be put somewhere. Retractable baskets will come to the rescue again. Moreover, they can be made wide or narrow in accordance with the particular configuration of the room. On the shelf under the mirror near the sink, chaos of combs, scissors, cotton pads and sticks is easy to organize if you buy a group of miniature baskets with lids. In each fold a certain set of tools that are classified by purpose.
Basket Care Tips
Baskets are very unpretentious in care. The surface of the product should only be periodically cleaned with a dry, soft cloth from dust. If the container was taken with a picnic, for example, to the beach, then it must be carefully shaken from small grains of sand. If necessary, the basket of wicker or bark must even be vacuumed. If during a trip to the forest in a container, berries or mushrooms that leave stains were transferred, then they get rid of dirt with a sponge and cleaning agent without an abrasive effect. Aggressive household chemicals, of course, are not recommended, otherwise you will have to buy a new basket. Do not try to wipe the stains from blueberry juice. At first red, and then quickly blackening traces of this berry are practically not displayed. Therefore, the campaign for blueberries is better to go with a can or a plastic bucket. Do not place baskets near heat sources (stoves, stoves, fireplaces, radiators). The container made of rattan, birch bark, wicked and distorted forms will lose shape. Bamboo baskets are more resistant to heat. Almost not afraid of the heat products from jute, raffia, water hyacinth and plastic. Although the latter can melt at high temperatures. It is not recommended to carry large loads in those baskets that are not designed for such loads. This is fraught with deformation of the bottom, with its subsequent separation from the walls.
Old baskets can be restored and updated. To do this, apply a layer of linseed oil, stain and varnish on the surface.
DIY interior basket
The hands most often make baskets of knitted yarn. These are not ordinary threads, but textile “strings”, tied into one, which were formerly T-shirts, nylon tights or blouses. Old things are simply cut into shreds of the same width. The “thread” is thick, and the weaving is thick, without openwork holes. The interior basket can be variegated, bright, combine several shades, or it can have a uniform surface. The dimensions will depend entirely on the functional purpose: the more things it must accommodate, the wider its bottom and higher sides. The work will require only textile yarn, needle, scissors and a hook. Weaving begin with "Amigurumi ring". That it will be the middle of the bottom of the future basket. Gradually, loops are added to each row so that the bottom does not wrap like a bowl. In the simplest version, it is given a round shape. With such a basket it is easier for a beginner to work. Then go to the circular weaving walls. Here, the number of loops will remain the same, since such baskets usually have even sides, without expansion upwards. For several rows to the extreme border, leave gaps under the handles. The surface of the product is decorated with a simple but beautiful pattern "pigtail".
It is believed that the baskets are perfectly combined with flower buds. In the classic interior, a bouquet of refined roses is in harmony only with expensive china or vase crystal. In a more “rustic” setting, a wicker of wicker will emphasize the simplicity and elegance of field or garden flowers surrounded by fragrant forbs. In baskets you can "store" the composition of dried plants. Live bouquets, too, will stand for a long time if they are collected on a floral sponge, pre-soaked with water. Fruit baskets at the dinner table will become its decoration and will give you the opportunity to "lick up the worm" at home before dinner. Braids on the terraces or in the gazebos, will emphasize the rural color of the country. Products of coarse weaving, decorated with burlap and twine, will complement the decor of the bedroom or living room. If they are hung on the carnations against the wall, the container will not “get underfoot”, but at the same time it will fulfill its main function. Groups of hanging baskets adorn the hallways and summer summer kitchens.