Gardening sites in front of residential buildings can be done in different ways. For example, plant small flowers framing a long walkway and a porch. And you can make an unusual design of the front garden in front of the house, combining large and small cultures, combined into separate islands of greenery. You can use for planting a variety of flowers, shrubs and ornamental grasses. But the owners should take into account the requirements for their care, optimal weather conditions for the violent growth of greenery. It is important to pay attention to the periods of flowering plants, as well as the colors of the buds. With the right combination of completely different cultures, you can create a green zone that will look bright and stylish from the beginning of spring until the end of autumn. You can also create a specific direction by combining special types of cultures and ornaments, fences.
Advantages and disadvantages
Planting flowers, shrubs and ornamental grass in front of a residential structure allows you to emphasize its exterior in an original way. Also, the presence of a small green area will help make a smooth transition from the house to a place of recreation for children and adults. The presence of vegetation will help create a comfortable environment for holding tea parties on the street. They are able to stylize the facade, make it unusual and bright. It is also important to be able to “close” with vegetation any flaws in the lining of the structure. But there are also disadvantages in creating a stylish and beautiful flower garden. It requires careful selection of plants, which at the same time can be quite expensive. Also when gardening cottages, where the owners come only a few times a month, it will be difficult to keep the plants attractive. In this case, it is necessary to confine succulents that do not need frequent watering.
Types of front gardens
In order to properly conduct landscaping before a residential building, you need to understand the types of front gardens. These include:
|Open||Ideal for home ownership, surrounded by a large territory. Allows you to green the entire yard. Perfect for allocating gazebos in the courtyard, children's play area. Usually it is a lawn, supplemented with shrubs and flowers. It can be seen from the street.|
|Closed||It is a small green zone, which is practically not visible beyond the fencing of the territory. Therefore, it is used exclusively to decorate the home zone. A practical solution for a noisy and dusty city.|
|Covered||Instead of a dense fence that covers the plot, live stands are used. Between them and the entrance to the house can be located separate flower beds, paths, lawn.|
To create a competent landscape design it is necessary to take into account the combination of different types of plants. In addition, the selected decorations, track design should be carried out according to the created direction. The most popular styles are:
- country music;
Allows planting different bright colors. As a fence can use twigs, wooden bars and slats. A similar design style can be seen in different villages and villages.
Provides for the use of different types of garden stones. As the greens are usually used small shrubs (cypress, thuja). Permissible planting irises, Asiatic lilies. Well complement the design of bright green moss.
Decorative herbs are used in large quantities. Predominantly zoning area green bushes in the center of the place is filled with flowering plants.
This direction involves the combination of bright colors and lush greenery. For the style perfect thin patterned fencing. You can add a pergola or a flower garden.
Layout and stages of arrangement
Before planting, the free area should be divided into zones where different cultures will be located. They can be located as close as possible to each other or be islands, separated by paths, moss, lawn. It is desirable to plant high plants in front of the house. But they will be framed by small bushes, low ornamental grasses and flowers. Direct arrangement is carried out according to the following scheme:
- Soil preparation (loosening, fertilizer, introduction of auxiliary raw materials: sand, peat, wood-earth mixtures).
- Installation of auxiliary structures ("stairs" for climbing plants, pergolas, arches).
- Creating paths, paths, installation of fences, fountains, statues.
- Planting selected crops.
- Watering and fertilizer according to the characteristics of the planted crops, soil mulching, laying of garden stones.
Rules for the front garden
Creating a small flower garden in front of your home, you can not forget about the composition. The correct combination of different elements depends on the observance of such rules:
- The presence of a central element (it can be a big bush, fountain, statue).
- Proper environment of the central element (the selected plants should not close it, are a neat transition to the other components).
- Placing around the central zone of underlining elements (bright bushes, plants with large leaves, buds).
- Observance of the same transitions in different directions relative to the central element (it is not recommended to plant large plants on one side, and on the other, only small ones).
- A smooth transition from the created flower garden to the environment (planted plants can be fenced, or small, medium-sized plants can be planted around the perimeter of the flower garden).
Plant species suitable for front garden
Being engaged in independent design of country landscapes in front of residential buildings, it is important to choose the right plants. You can plant both green bushes, grass, and different types of flowers. The landing of hosts, sedum, ornamental grass, ferns will help to eliminate the presence of empty zones. Bright highlight high plants geyhera. It will be appropriate to fill the space lavender, astilbe and sedge. The main decoration of the flower bed can become lilies and daylilies, rose bushes. Optionally, you can plant the most unpretentious flowers: tulips, daffodils, gladioli. Perfectly complement the general form of different shrubs: cypress, privet, holly, barberry. Unusually close the free space between individual plants will help moss.
If the windows facing the flower garden often or constantly open, you should not choose a lot of flowers with rich aromas. They will mix and create together an unpleasant pungent smell.
When choosing the appropriate colors you need to focus on the effectiveness of their combination. It is not recommended to combine more than 3-4 different colors. But minor differences in shades of colors are quite acceptable. So, pink, pink-red and white-pink flowers will look very good with red and orange inflorescences, without leading to excessive brightness of the entire composition. Very interesting is the idea of combining plants with different colors, blooming at different times. For example, in early spring, plants with yellow, red, orange colors may bloom. In the summer they will be replaced by blue, blue, purple flowers. In the autumn, cream, yellow and white inflorescences will replace them. But at the same time the plants that have faded, must continue to thrive and grow green. Otherwise, “holes” are formed in the flower garden and the general view of the composition will be spoiled.
What crops to choose for planting
Selecting the best crops for landscaping, you need to take into account the weather conditions of the area and the individual requirements of plants. For the sunny side, you should choose cultures that, due to the bright natural light, will actively grow. If the light on the plants will be minimal, then preference should be given to crops that tolerate sunlight, but also feel optimal in partial shade. If the structure of the shadow will fall on the landscaped area constantly, then you need to buy shade-loving crops. It is important to take into account the requirements for irrigation for different plantations. It is not recommended to close the crops that need frequent watering and those that do not tolerate excessive moisture. Otherwise, some of them will die quickly. You should also remember about the possibility of "neighborhood" of plants: not all crops can be planted nearby.
Fencing is an important design detail.
A neatly framed flower bed is a guarantee of an attractive overall composition. The most practical are low concrete curbs and fences woven from twigs. You can choose a suitable fence among the following products:
- plastic fences;
Attract an unusual view. May have any color. Attract low cost, ease of installation and no special requirements for care.
- wooden fences;
Appropriate look with any flowerbed or a combined green area of the yard. Beautifully framed plantings. Necessary in periodic treatments: protection from moisture, insect pests.
- metal fences.
Attracted by ease of care, original look. The most popular low forged fencing. Have a high cost.
You can not close the flower beds dense palisades with high altitude. Indeed, in this case, the work on the improvement of the site will be carried out in vain.
Additional elements of decor
For a stylish design of the flower bed, you can use a different decor. Its size and type depends only on the area of the greened area. For example, in a spacious courtyard, you can put a pergola and plant climbing plants near it. A pair of benches will help you comfortably spend your holidays enjoying the view of the blooming plantings. The most popular option for complementing flower gardens is laying the paths and installing garden figurines. Small figures can be placed between individual bushes and plants, installed near the walls of the structure, complementing the high shoots, climbing flowers. Small lamps made of wire in the form of butterflies, bees and ladybirds will also become an original decoration. A practical element of decoration will be stones and mulch. They will help to conduct the zoning of the flower bed, protect it from weeds.
Do-it-yourself front garden - ideas when creating
When gardening a site in front of a residential building, you can use some tricks that will help to visually expand the yard or increase the height of the walls. For example, for small areas it is recommended to use small flowers with small bright flowers. This will help to make space freer. Before low buildings, it is recommended to plant curly or tall thin plants. They will help to increase the height of the walls and give a special charm to the design. If you plan to plant lawn grass in front of the building, then flowers and shrubs should be placed directly next to the walls. A pair of flowerpots with flowers will help to highlight the porch in style. Such decisions will help to hold a beautiful and modern gardening site with their own hands easily and simply.
It is correct to select a building using green plantings, and to create a special comfort of rest in the courtyard, the owners will be helped by useful advice from designers. For example, to achieve lush greenery and timely flowering of plants, masters recommend using special tools. Fertilizers and additives will help improve the condition of different crops. If the building is on a slope, then moisture-loving plants should be located closer to the road. Then the water flowing down will not lead to the death of the used green space. The ground should also be strengthened by planting small shrubs that will eliminate soil leaching. Framing small flower beds with low plants and small stones will also become an original design decision. Due to such a stylized fence green island will seem large. The installation of spiral structures or pyramids, which will be planted with small plants and moss, will also help to highlight the area of the porch.
Choosing a suitable exterior and interior of residential private buildings, the owners should devote enough time and quality landscaping site. Particular attention should be paid to the site located in front of housing. Its correct styling will affect the appearance of the main entrance, the comfort of leisure in this area. For competent landscaping, you can use different cultures: trees, shrubs, flowers, herbs, moss. They are perfectly combined with each other, creating beautiful compositions. Plants can be placed directly under the walls of the building or at some distance from it. Separate areas can be using tracks, small purchase fences or fences made from scrap materials. Green areas can be decorated with fountains, statues. Also they are allowed to supplement the small garden forms: benches, pergolas or arches.