The current reality does not allow every family, with the advent of a child, to buy an apartment in which there will be several rooms. This is due to the high cost of housing and incidental spending on the maintenance of the child. Basically, a young family is forced to live in a three-room apartment, sharing the space of the main room equally. To rationally divide the living space and beautifully equip an apartment, it is necessary to take a responsible approach to the design of a one-room apartment with a child or with two children. You need to take into account many factors that together will not make you feel cramped.
Important aspects of room planning
The main disadvantage of a one-room apartment is the lack of sufficient space (usually 18 sq m). This is justified by the fact that this room performs several roles at the same time, being a bedroom, a nursery, a living room and a study. Therefore, the main principle of the design of a one-room apartment with a child is the rationalization of space.
There are two types of planning for one-bedroom apartments:
- Free layout;
Such apartments are often found in new homes. They are characterized by decent dimensions and room footage, which is about fifty square meters.
- Typical layout.
Typical layout is familiar to residents of old houses. Here we can see the small size and the footage of the main room, ranging from seventeen to twenty-five square meters. In apartments with this type of layout it is harder to come up with some interesting design solutions, since the scale limits the flight of fantasy.
No matter what your layout. Be sure to try to fit the necessary furniture on the actual room footage. Do not overload the interior. To do this, choose a less dimensional model that will fit well, and at the same time does not take up much space.
This procedure is simply necessary for such a case, since each of the family members must have a corner for successful functioning in all areas. If you have a large room, you should divide it into zones:
- Parents sleeping area;
Here you should arrange the furniture that will perform the function of sleeping and working. The folding sofa will fit very well. At night, you can sleep on it, taking up part of the room, and in the afternoon, when this part is needed for the work area, you can fold it. Of course, this would be extremely appropriate if you have a typical layout. If the layout is free, then installing a bed does not harm the room, but rather decorates it. It is worth taking care of zoning - separate the bed with drywall. So you make a mini bedroom.
- Sleeping area of the child;
Baby bed is an integral part of the children's sleeping area. Be sure to install a working or writing desk where the child will be able to do school assignments and implement a variety of hobbies and interests. This area should be oriented under natural light sources - next to the window. Children's corner can be separated by racks to allow the child to feel in his own room.
Excellent decision to make a special niche, under which you can hide the bed. This at the same time will make the children's area higher, which will have a positive effect on lighting and will save space.
- Living area.
This area is optional, because in the apartment you can receive guests in the kitchen. If space in the room allows, combine the sleeping area and living room. This will be the best way to save space. The sofa and the table look great as an improvised living room.
What you need to remember when shaping the interior?
The design of a one-room apartment for a family with a child implies compliance with many factors. Properly zoned space is quite difficult. To make the apartment spacious and comfortable for residents and guests, you should consider the following criteria:
- how many people are in the family;
- age of the child;
- the area of the main room;
- ceiling height;
- location of windows and doors.
The above trivia determine the features of the interior room. Zoning, furniture selection and location depend on them.
Be sure to remember about the age of the resident child. This is the determining factor. Proceed from the classification of the child's age:
- preschool age;
- Primary School;
- secondary school;
- graduation classes.
The first option implies the possibility of the absence of a desk, because the need for homework is not yet available. Instead of a table, install many wall shelves in which the child will store toys and other important things.
Primary and secondary school already obliges to have a desk, desk lamp and other accessories. Do not make the children's area too closed to constantly be able to monitor the child. At this age, personal life is subject to the need for control.
Graduation classes - the first need to create the appearance of a separate children's area. Make it closed so that the child can feel alone with himself. Otherwise, the level of comfort that the house offers will not be enough for him, and he will try to spend most of his time outside the house.
If we talk about the style of the room, then the best style will be modern because it will allow the use of the most compact furniture.
Living a few people in a room can often cause conflicts. This is due to the fact that people do not feel a sufficient level of freedom, which must be felt at home. To do this, you must install partitions, and discard the idea of lumbering room furniture. The presence of personal space in a one-room apartment will help smooth out any conflicts, because each person will be able to rest when it is needed.
When choosing furniture you need to consider three main principles:
- The room should be the minimum amount of furniture;
- The size of each model must match the size of the room;
- The furniture should be made in the same style to harmonize with each other.
A competent solution would be to use a transformer bed. An example is a lifting bed that is built into a closet. A common model is a folding sofa that performs a sleeping and working function. So you care about ergonomics.
In the children's part of the room to save space will help multi-tier bed, which will serve as a bed and a wardrobe. In the lower tier, you can set the desk, creating a child working area.
It is important to install a large and comfortable wardrobe in the parents' sleeping area. To visually expand the space on the doors of this cabinet, install a mirror. This will contribute to better lighting.
Given the need for visual expansion of the area of the room, you need to use bright colors in the surface finish. Do not use too many shades in the design of the room. This will have a negative effect on visual magnification. You can do a shade zonal, making out a zone in a certain format. Make the children's area brighter and leave the parent in neutral colors.
Do not use wallpaper with dimensional patterns or ornament. They do not look good in small rooms and create an eclectic effect. If you want to decorate a room with dark shades, create additional sources of lighting.
An important aspect of finishing a one-room apartment with a child is the need to take into account the fact that the light is properly distributed. Observe the following:
- The ceiling should be trimmed in bright colors, so as not to create the feeling of a bubble;
- The walls can be darker, but focus on light colors to visually expand the space;
- Insert a variety of glossy and reflective coatings that will contribute to the visual expansion (stretch glossy ceiling, varnished floors, wallpaper with silk-screen printing).
If you use the zonal division of the room, you can choose a different material for each zone. You can decorate the walls with: wallpaper, paints, decorative plaster, stone (natural or artificial). The flooring should be uniform, you can choose it from the following options: laminate, linoleum, parquet, carpet.
Curtains should be made of lightweight material or transparent. This is necessary for high-quality insolation of the room. Curtains of dark fabric will make you feel stiffness of the free space. If you want to be able to control the level of light in the room, then install blinds on the windows. This will help control the level of light in the zones.
Particular attention is paid to the installation of artificial lighting. So you make the room brighter and give it a zest in the form of interesting fixtures. Rely on the number of people living in the room. It is advisable to have for each person two medium light sources. One is common and one is individual. It is important to install them in such a way as not to interfere with family members sleeping. To avoid such problems, individual sources of energy are well chosen from the list of night lamps with a dimmer. General lighting should be located around the perimeter of the room so that it does not differ locally. Pay special attention to the coverage of the children's area, because there is a question not only about comfort, but also about the health of the child.
As you can understand, the design of a one-bedroom apartment for a family does not involve a large number of decorative elements due to the limited space. The ideal solution would be to install the following items:
- wall paintings;
- home plants;
- carpet in the center of the room to create a child’s play area;
- posters and posters;
- photo frames;
As an element of decor fit any small objects that emphasize the style of the room. The main thing - do not use massive decorative elements. Even if you have most of the free space in the room, they will stand out strongly from the general canvas, which will create a negative effect of the eclecticism of the design.
Follow these tips and you will not feel discomfort next to your family. Remember that the rationalization of space will make any room spacious, regardless of its size.