The kitchen space is organized harder than the living room, bedroom and other rooms. At first, it would not hurt to familiarize yourself with publicly available information and get professional advice. During the repair should be remembered that the final appearance depends on the external component - ceilings, floor, facades of the headset. All these details need to be "collected" in a harmonious combination, despite the fact that their design is unlikely to coincide in time. The ceiling in the kitchen is the most expressive element of space, at least that's what they are doing in our time. These are complex structures with multifaceted shapes and additional ceiling decorations. Attempts are being made to synthesize the best of modern design features and historical techniques. Planning to finish the ceiling should be without haste and at your pleasure, and in this case, the result will please more than one year.
Ceiling requirements in the kitchen
In the kitchen, materials are exposed to many factors. If we talk about the upper part of the room, then it is moisture and high temperature. On the other hand, the kitchen implements a lot of design ideas, and if you find resistant materials, the choice is not limited to two or three options. First, pay attention to the practicality - to the surface of the ceiling was washed with ordinary home remedies. The ceiling is installed with the expectation of long-term use; therefore, stable and reliable materials are selected, and this is another important criterion. In the case of constructive ceilings, installation work must ensure the quality of the fixture itself. In the role of additional aspects are the level of lighting and compatibility with the interior. In cramped apartments, enhancing natural lighting will never be over. The ideal ceiling complements the overall color and style, well scatters direct sunlight.
Types of finishes: advantages and disadvantages
The main options for the ceiling design:
- Whitewashing, painting, wallpaper, plaster.
- Suspended and tensioning systems.
- Panels and slats.
- Cassette designs.
The simplest methods of cladding, plastering, dyeing and whitewashing do not require design and take only a few days. However, they are limited in terms of aesthetic solutions. The most durable and resistant material for a quick finish is plaster, the most budget - whitewash. Tension and suspended structures will be a real decoration of the kitchen. In addition, they easily wash and serve as a basis for the organization of additional lighting. Periodically it is necessary to replace the light bulbs, but the level systems themselves are reliable and durable. As for panels and slats, a lot depends on the materials: they differ in strength and ease of operation. Plastic, for example, darkens from aggressive chemical compounds. Cassette systems are good for their diversity. There are options for simple kitchens and compositions, surpassing the suspension systems in complexity. However, their design will take a lot of power. Ceiling tile, in turn, is superior to other materials in performance.
Painting the ceiling does not lead to high costs. And yet painting will cost more lime whitewash, less quality in its structure. The owners always have a large selection of paints for the ceiling. A water emulsion, for example, forms a film that protects the finish during washing. It should be remembered that any paint loses its color due to moisture, temperature and light exposure. It often flakes off, and in some cases the upper layer generally cracks and begins to fall off gradually. As a result, you will need to re-paint with the removal of old paint. The modern market offers vapor-proof paints with a high covering capacity and virtually odorless. Silicone, silicate and acrylic paints are used for painting the kitchen ceiling. In the most unfavorable conditions silicate is used, but for an ordinary kitchen there will be enough silicone or acrylic properties.
Before buying paint you should make sure that there are no allergens and other harmful substances in the composition!
One of the most familiar options, moreover, justified in most situations. Whitewashing is carried out quickly and with minimal cost when compared with constructive ideas, such as panel design or suspended ceilings. However, this choice is associated with many disadvantages. Appearing cosmetic defects will remain on the ceiling, because the possibility of painting does not mean that this can be done easily and at any time. Spots and divorces are eliminated most difficultly; when you try to correct a lack, the situation sometimes only worsens. The characteristic kitchen dynamics of temperature changes will make whitewashing unattractive in just a couple of months. Every few years will have to update coverage. However, even so, whitewashing remains the cheapest and easiest solution.
You can make the ceiling decorative quickly and without complicated calculations using wallpaper. Irregularities and large cracks will not appear under the canvas. Drawings and patterns, in turn, not only decorate the room, but also hide flaws. As for the color palette, the basic tone is coordinated with the furniture. At the same time take into account the effects of steam - since the picture will fade, they initially select a bright and expressive one. Kitchen ceiling paste over polystyrene, non-woven and vinyl wallpaper. And the first two types, if desired, can be coated with acrylic paints, up to 10 times. That is why some options have only a textured pattern, but lack color. As for the basic rules of the design of the kitchen, it is not recommended to finish them with paper wallpaper. The lines of the joints should coincide with the direction of sunlight.
Among the different types of wallpaper is better to choose "washable."
Tiled facing looks good on low and high kitchen ceilings. The material is cleared easier than others, even if it has a relief. Aesthetics and resistance to pollution are just the decisive criteria for the choice of many owners. The two main tiled materials for the kitchen are polystyrene foam and polyurethane foam. The first one is cheaper, but polyurethane foam holds the color better. The laminated surface of polystyrene foam can be painted. The structure of the ceiling tile allows processing with a sharpened knife, moreover, it can be laid on uneven surfaces without prior cleaning. If the distortions are significant, then enough preliminary plastering. Moreover, during laying, a straight wall is chosen as a guide. For a perfect result, finish starts from the corner farthest from the entrance.
The modern style perfectly combines drywall, beautiful and at the same time inexpensive material. The properties of drywall provide ample opportunities to choose the final design option. Ceiling structures at the same time are single or multi-stage. Installing a suspended multi-level ceiling will hide spots and irregularities on the old surface. Communications for the functioning of the ceiling system is also hidden, placed inside a new lining. Installation takes a minimum of time, and as a result, the owners will get a durable construction with soundproofing properties. Gypsum ceiling washed with special means to ensure easy and safe for the material cleaning. Finishing with original forms provides highly accurate preliminary calculations of the load from the lighting devices. This is a job for masters with general knowledge.
Plastic options will allow to achieve the desired aesthetics, moreover with great savings. The kitchen will look stylish and expensive, and nobody will see the cheapness of the material. Caring for a perfectly flat surface facing will take no more than 20 minutes once a month. Aggressive reagents should not be used, otherwise the plastic will change color over time. However, it will be difficult to mechanically damage it, even with hard washcloths. The possibilities of organizing lighting on the ceiling covering of plastic panels are practically unlimited. It is worth experimenting with the location of the lighting devices. Panel finish is good because each element is replaceable. In addition, the moisture of the kitchen space does not affect the reliability of the structure or its appearance. The panels produce 2 types: with a seam and a seamless connection. The second type of lining more budget.
Aluminum rack systems
Racked systems make out design in the style of minimalism and hi-tech. Production of aluminum rails does not take much time, and their configuration does not depend on the shape of the room. For the design of kitchens use strips with closed seams. Aluminum is sometimes combined with other materials, and so additional design options are created. With metal elements, the variegated color scale looks great, which is not typical for a plasterboard ceiling and cladding made of plastic lining. The quality of the metal coatings themselves is growing from year to year. As for the choice of a particular color or texture, the most attractive looks mirror, gold and white surface. The mirror will significantly “expand” the space and make many design effects available. White color is the traditional and most versatile option.
Wooden clapboard trim
Profiled wood panels are often used in large country houses. Lining for the ceiling of the kitchen is usually represented by options such as europrofile, double-sided and radius. Moisture resistant wooden slats attached processing special compositions. Some of the other useful properties of wood are lost due to this, but wooden lining will remain very high quality and natural. The material will cope with short-term pressure, for example, if you touch the ceiling with some heavy object, chances or cracks will most likely not appear on it. The strength of the panels makes it possible to additionally mount heavy suspended structures with practical or decorative function, which is difficult in the case of other types of ceilings. Facing clapboard will make the situation more homely, "reimbursing", thus, costs.
Great option for studio apartments. Stretch type ceilings can be a kind of design with color inserts and ornaments. The form depends primarily on the wishes of the client. At the same time settling the rich lighting, sometimes around the perimeter. Despite the decrease in the height of the kitchen, it can increase visually due to rounded lines, glossy and mirror surfaces. At the same time in low and cramped rooms it is better to install only single-level options. Like suspended structures, stretch ceilings are characterized by durability, masking abilities, a variety of shapes and colors, resistance to harmful factors, ease of maintenance and aesthetics. The manufacturer will make the ceiling to order after drawing the sketch and measurements. The tensioning fabric is either film or textile.
The fastening itself is performed by one of these methods:
Cassette type ceilings can be either simple or with complex geometry. There are 4 main types of this coating: metal, plaster, glass and mirror. Metallic is made mainly of aluminum and steel. Ceiling segments are stacked in different compositions, matte, glossy and satin elements are interestingly combined. Gypsum cassette coatings appeared among the first. Although they also turn into various beautiful ornaments, they should not be used in the kitchen. Mirror options are made of acrylic or silicate glass. Buyers choose between a perfectly mirrored or slightly worn surface. If desired, add a jet ornament to the surface. The design provides a secure mount for mirrors, based on a mechanical connection to the frame. Similar in execution are glass cassette designs. Here you can additionally equip the interior lighting and make stained glass drawings.
The main advantage of this type of finish is the speed of work. In contrast to the whitewashing and painting, the result is more resistant. Plaster does not crack, does not pour and practically does not rub off. This option is useful for ceilings with clear flaws. Moreover, the plaster is applied to almost any surface: brick, concrete, wood. The landlord will end up with not only a durable coating, but also a good sound insulation and decorative element. The coating will be resistant to not only moisture but also fire. Plaster - one of the most environmentally friendly materials for a quick finish - is a mixture of natural raw materials, natural additives and safe for health synthetic fibers. The material has only one serious drawback - the complexity of dismantling. One of the popular types of decorative plaster is the bark beetle.
It is advisable to plaster the entire ceiling at once!
Combination of materials when finishing the ceiling
Special combined options will appeal to connoisseurs of decor. There is only one rule - the composition should look organic. Designers sometimes "combine" suspended and suspended ceilings, creating something average. The construction on several levels is visually combined with clapboard, wallpaper, decorative tiles. Sometimes a mirror plays the role of an insert. In practice, there is also a design in the form of a border from a suspended composition together with a plastered and painted core. The combination of drywall and tensioning options is also logical. In kitchens with a large area, the ceiling can be trimmed with a constructive element at one of the corners, and the rest of the space can be decorated with a uniform glossy or matte surface. Suspended structures also trim niches with many bends, which themselves create a certain pattern. The same recesses can be decorated with original pictures with detailed details.
Ceiling decoration methods
The ceiling in the kitchen is designed to your liking, it is not necessary to comply with the functionality. As an example of a beautiful and at the same time useful element can be suspended modules. Sometimes these are large capacious storages, sometimes they are small decorative devices. False beams, as the design of the ceiling, are used relatively rarely. But if other options are not available or do not fit, then the kitchen ceiling beams will not exactly spoil. In dark kitchens organize the built-in lighting behind the frosted ceiling. The ceiling is recognized by a recognized decorative element - a coffered structure in the form of cells. Moreover, in terms of aesthetics, they are not inferior to moldings. If the whole kitchen is decorated in a luxurious style, then the ceiling can not be deprived of expressive decor in the form of stucco or the same moldings. For expensive curtains need decorative ceiling moldings that will decorate the upper part of the kitchen at the same time. In the expensive interior is better to buy colored gas water heaters, even if the ceiling is white.
The premises may initially have transverse structures in the form of ugly bulky beams. It is better to beat such features, to create a distinctive design. And if we are talking about carrying beams, then in any case they can not be removed, but you can decorate or hide a little. They are concrete, wooden and metal, usually have a square cross-section. Such elements are left deliberately, if the desired design style is limited to industrial, urban or loft style. However, the absence of any overlaps sometimes suggests an idea of some additional touches. Imitation beams - one of the most interesting techniques for finishing the upper part of the interior. They divide the surface of the ceiling and make it more decorative, especially look good with panels. Perpendicular and longitudinal combinations are good in their own way.
Design options imitation beams:
- Plastic. False beams in the usual form or under the tree will significantly improve the design.
- Tree. Wood beams "dilute" too strict interior.
- Drywall From this material you can make large long beams.
Relatively new trend in the design of kitchens. Previously, so finished mainly bedrooms and living rooms. They are usually made of natural wood, accompanied by classic accessories. As a result, the work budget will be higher than it could be: natural wood is more expensive than the other options. Caisson ceilings superficially resemble a system of cells. Their corners are made mostly straight, however smooth shapes are also popular. Второй вариант выглядит очень красиво, но еще больше увеличит общую стоимость ремонта. Что касается цветовых решений, то предпочитают монотонные кессонные потолки. Различие по цвету перекладин и поверхности рассматривают скорее как запасной вариант.The main design paths include the use of soft tones, the arrangement of light enameled oak structures and non-standard execution in dark colors.
Fretwork and moldings
Stucco call a bas-relief and other relief details on various architectural elements. In the interior for its creation usually use gypsum. On the kitchen ceiling make drawings and decorative rosettes. And if columns or pilasters adjoin the ceiling surface, then capitals decorate them with stucco. In an ordinary modern kitchen, ceiling moldings are used to hide communications, curvature, and various defects. Finishing looks even better under LED strip lighting. Moldings are a kind of plinth with enhanced decorative properties. Such types as wood, plaster, foam and polyurethane are used most often. The most expensive varieties are made of granite and marble. Often, in addition to the corner panels, ceiling decoration is used, and the designs are simple and made with filigree precision.
Features of certain types of moldings:
- Foam foam. A great option for simple kitchens due to its affordable price and easy installation.
- Polyurethane. Such fillets tolerate elevated temperatures well.
- Wood. Used for decoration of expensive interiors or antique design.
- Gypsum. Suitable for kitchens without styling and rooms with subtle design ideas.
How to choose the color of the ceiling
It is better to follow general recommendations. A small kitchen - a place for light decoration. Dark shades "make" it even lower and lower. On the ceiling will not be superfluous elements similar in color to the kitchen. We'll also have to adapt to the location of the kitchen. If the windows are located on the north side or are covered with trees, then warm colors are necessarily included in the gamut. If due to warm shades the lack of natural light is better tolerated, then the cold ones will lower the temperature by a few degrees during the summer heat, especially on the sunny side. Ice shades of blue and white help in this plan. Multistage ceiling structures are designed in no more than 3 colors, one of which is much lighter than the others. On the shade affects including texture. Some materials convert light into glare, and since it is detrimental to vision, such coatings should be well positioned or their use avoided altogether.
Ceiling decoration and style
The usual modern kitchen is the embodiment of stylish functionalism. All furniture and household appliances are designed with the latest technology in the world, while in the kitchens there is nothing superfluous. This approach is not always correct, because it is better to equip the entire interior of the house as one unit. If the kitchen is planned in a minimalist style, the ceiling is drawn up strictly, monotonously and in harmony with the rest of the palette. Constructivism and hi-tech stylistics require sophisticated geometry and high-quality modern materials. In these styles, the cassette design will be an unusual configuration. It is possible to design in English style due to soft tones in the complete absence of motley accents. Decorative plaster and "boring" wallpaper - two acceptable ways of facing in neat English style. The background color of the Provence style is saturated with bleached tones, so the slightly sloppy look of the ceiling will be relevant. Just a few beams enhance the feeling of a provincial atmosphere.
Ceiling moldings and moldings are compatible with many luxurious styles:
The impression of the kitchen is formed only after a time-consuming process of installing and assembling furniture, organizing communications and facing surfaces. The ceiling after the repair will not often come into view, but it is the “face” of the room. The principles of ceiling design do not provide for any particular option. Some people try to save money and choose materials of an economy class, others spend a lot of time in the kitchen and want to see a beautiful finish above their heads, others just try to turn an unattractive interior into something beautiful. It all starts with calculating the budget. In the future, proceed to the choice of materials for a particular type of design. They must not contain harmful, allergenic and irritating components. If you plan to original finish, then first make a project. Ceilings are in the form of prefabricated systems, panel surfaces, mirrors, cassette and coffered structures.