The symbol of the hearth is fire. It creates comfort and warmth, allows you to cook and dry clothes. In ancient castles, a fireplace did an excellent job with these tasks, but in most modern apartments it is almost impossible to establish a real one, due to the high probability of fire and the lack of sufficient ventilation. If you put a decorative fireplace from plasterboard, especially providing it with a heating portal with a sound effect, the illusion of the hearth will come out very plausible.
Advantages, disadvantages of the fireplace from plasterboard
Like every finishing material, gypsum board, all designs from it have their own strengths and weaknesses.
- beautiful, "status" looks, adding to the room comfort;
- low cost of construction - drywall itself, all the necessary profiles, fasteners are quite inexpensive, are sold everywhere;
- for the installation does not need any serious skills - the design can be assembled by yourself;
- low weight of such a fireplace - it is not necessary to build a separate foundation for it, except for the cases when the furnace itself is very heavy;
- the opportunity to make a product quickly - it only takes a couple of days from project to finished hearth;
- the design does not require too dirty work, the tools require the most simple;
- You can make an object of complex shape, paint, plaster, decorate it in any convenient way.
- the material is very flammable, fire-hazardous, even if the package says "fire-resistant" - in the presence of fire, this also burns, but weaker;
- drywall is afraid of water - when installing the hearth in wet rooms, water resistant is used;
- a structure having a metal frame is capable of cracking with sudden heating;
- low durability, compared with stone counterparts, brick models;
- It is not recommended to install excessively heavy objects on the finished plasterboard product.
Choosing an installation site
False fireplace, installed in the apartment, is made of wood, chipboard, foam, gypsum, cardboard, but most often - from gypsum cardboard. Typically, such an element of decor is mounted in the living room or bedroom, at least - in the kitchen, creating an original accent. The placement recommended by experts is in the middle of a long wall, especially for large, bulky objects. In a small room install a compact corner fireplace.
In places where people often walk, close to the doors, external corners, cabinet doors should not be positioned - it will interfere with free movement, it is easily damaged during operation. The fireplace does not have to be fixed to the wall - sometimes it is allowed to be made mobile, but the product must be very stable.
The shape, size, design, decoration of a false fireplace depends on the area of the room, the chosen interior style.
Stages of creating a decorative fireplace
In order to independently make a unique fireplace design, you should decide: whether it will be a purely decorative product, or it will be shaped as a flat TV, electric heating element, will hide wires and other communications. Next you need to decide on the necessary finishing materials, tools, create a project or use ready-made drawings. It is advisable to have at least minimal skills in working with gypsum plasterboard or to consult a person who has ever done this beforehand.
Step by step the work process looks like this:
- planning the outbreak "on the ground", that is, in the apartment;
- creating a sketch, drawing with dimensions;
- the acquisition of the necessary materials, tools;
- assembly metal base;
- plasterboard sheets;
- finishing finish.
Necessary tools, materials
The construction of the fireplace will require tools:
- putty knife;
- building level;
- simple pencil;
- paper knife;
- scissors for cutting metal;
- iron tape measure;
From materials needed:
- plasterboard plates;
- guides from aluminum, wood;
- screws for metal, drywall;
- perforated or punched tape - for curved structures;
- heat-insulating, finishing materials.
Preparation: design, size calculation, sketch
Before starting to create a fireplace, it is recommended to prepare drawings - outline the location of the structure, all dimensions in two projections, draw diagrams of each part separately. After it is highly desirable to create a full-size cardboard layout, try it on to the future installation site of the product - if there are serious errors, at this stage they are easy to fix.
The design with a false-chimney, a mantelpiece will differ slightly, because this point is thought out in advance.
Mounting or assembly of the frame
First, using the building level, marking is applied to the wall. Guide elements are measured, laid out, cut and with a punch, dowels are attached to the wall. The frame is usually made of metal profile, at least - wooden slats, timber. Wooden strength is practically not inferior to aluminum, steel, it is used when you want to reduce the weight of the structure to the maximum possible minimum. Metal is more expensive, but better keeps the shape of the product.
If the installation of a fake chimney is not planned, but instead there will be a mantelpiece on which statuettes, photos, potted plants will be placed, then the sidewalls need to be strengthened. Jumpers are made for this - the more the better. To the shape of the fireplace was believable, in the inner part is an arch. As an option - the frame can be first assembled, and then installed entirely in the right place.
It is important to bring the necessary wires to the structure in advance, to build in sockets for connecting the electric port, TV, and the backlight.
After the frame is completely ready, the plasterboard parts are fastened to it. To do this, using a tape measure frame is measured. After the necessary elements are transferred to the plasterboard sheets, cut out with a grinder or clerical knife. Parts of the structure are attached to the frame so that the distance between the screws is not less than seven to nine centimeters.
Depending on the level of humidity in the room, the size of the structure, waterproof or plain drywall is used. For large items, wall material is used, for more elegant ones, the ceiling material is used, since its thickness is slightly smaller. To make the ends of the fireplace as flat as possible, use special perforated corners.
If to create a fireplace are used pieces of drywall, remaining after the repair of the apartment, it would be appropriate to use a large number of jumpers, especially if the pieces are small.
In the case when the hearth is supposed to be puttyed, painted, then at the device of the frame the ends should be made as smooth as possible. Finishing is carried out immediately after plasterboard sheeting.
Options for finishing the fireplace, there are several:
- facing by a ceramic tile, an artificial stone;
- decorative plaster;
- pasting with self-adhesive films;
- veneer finishing of valuable wood species;
- plaster or foam stucco;
- design forged bars, doors.
Natural stone together with plasterboard plates is not used, since deformation and structural collapse are possible under its weight. If the portal assumes the installation of any heating appliance, before starting the finishing it is required to arrange sufficient thermal insulation. The furnace is sheathed with magnesite, and on top with aluminum foil, which perfectly reflects the heat, not allowing the internal fireplace space to become excessively heated.
When the exterior is finished with artificial stone or tiles, a primer is applied to the structure with a thin layer. On top of it with tile adhesive mounted tile, stone. In about a day, the adhesive composition will completely harden, then the gaps between the tile elements should be sealed with a fugue. The hearth with such a finish looks almost indistinguishable from the real stone.
Decorative plaster used no less often. A thick layer of plaster is applied to the finished product, and while it has not yet hardened, bricks, tiles, and pebbles are made with a trowel or trowel. To make the stones come out as close as possible to real, smooth corners, which are formed after forming with a spatula, they are processed with a brush or sponge. When the plaster dries, it becomes hard, the surface is painted with acrylic paints.
When it is decided to glue the fireplace with film materials or paint, the construction is first primed, the seams are sealed. Then putty is applied - the starting layer is polished with emery paper, later it is coated with a finishing putty, and rubbed again. Next, the surface is painted in one or several tones, if desired - a certain texture is drawn.
Decorating with decorative self-adhesive film is a simple, relatively cheap option. The variety of textures, drawings, allows you to choose the right for any interior. Imitation of marble or granite, stained oak or wenge, brick or plastered surface, straw or bamboo is on sale.
Facing with natural or artificial veneer is a great idea for a false fireplace. Veneering is done from any one type of wood, a mosaic is made of several species, differing in color. The following types of wood are most commonly used: cherry, oak, walnut, pine, beech, birch, wenge, maple, anegre, Karelian birch, apple, poplar. Fastening is made using PVA glue or another suitable for wood.
Separate interior styles are made of stucco polystyrene, gypsum, polyurethane. These materials vary in price, moldings, columns, semi-columns, sandriks, sculptural compositions, caryatids, pilasters, panels, fencing, etc. are made of them. Such elements are mounted with the help of special glue, can be covered with gilding, artificially aged, and the hearth becomes fully finished .
The original fireplace doors, corner elements, overhead patterns, are forged from metal. They can be solid, openwork, with floral, geometric ornaments, fantasy images of animals, inscriptions, monograms, marine themes, etc. This type of decoration makes the product look like a real fireplace. Many companies sell whole sets of forging for the fireplace, which includes doors or grill, stand for logs, poker, shovel, tongs for coal, whisk. Since the metal decor is rather heavy, the construction is recommended to be strengthened.
The top of the building is decorated with a shelf-tabletop, on which different decor is placed, potted plants or even a small flat-panel TV. The shelf is made in the style corresponding to the decoration of the fireplace, it can be quite wide or very narrow, rely on columns, pilasters, forged parts, etc.
What to place in a decorative fireplace
Inside the plasterboard portal most often have:
- electric fire;
- flat tv;
- candlestick composition;
- picture backlit;
- beautiful cover books;
- shelves with disks;
- birch logs;
- crafts from the "forest gifts";
- vases with live or dry bouquets;
- decorative bottles;
- figures of origami;
- beautiful baskets of things;
- jars of tea, seasonings;
- pet sleeper;
- "crystal ball;
- sculpture made of bronze, ceramics;
- Christmas tree.
The fireplace, which is not even able to warm the room, brings a touch of aristocracy into the room. Sometimes, behind a plasterboard decoration, there are a lot of sockets with electrical appliance wires coming from them.
Making urban, rustic interior with the help of a decorative hearth, created by yourself - a great idea, suitable for large, medium, small rooms, decorated in different styles. Step-by-step instructions can be spied on the Internet, on sites for construction, repair. If self-design, manufacture, design causes some difficulties, you should contact the experts with experience in the manufacture of such things.