Eternally green exotic stem at home is able to exist for a long time. With proper care, the bamboo houseplant will bloom with beautiful small flowers. The frequency, the size of the color depends on the type. Any of them can be grown in the ground or placed in water. It is possible to add even more decorativeness if the elastic stems are tightened in time by fixing on the guiding object by the method of limiting the space. Green shoots look good alone and in compositions.
Another name for decorative bamboo is draderza sander. In the 19th century, he was brought from China by an English florist Frederic Sander. The plant has a bare stem with lanceolate leaves at the top. Greens are rapidly increasing in size. After a few months, even dwarf varieties can reach 1 meter in height.
Indoor bamboo is used for decorative purposes. It will perfectly fit into any interior, will be an original decoration of a residential, office space. The ability of the stems to twist in different directions gives designers the opportunity to fantasize in any direction, creating original compositions.
Types and varieties
Indoor bamboo is a miniature plant. It is grown at home in pots with earth or special transparent containers, peppered with pebbles and filled with water. Bamboo care is minimal. The plant requires lighting, watering and periodic feeding. All varieties are united by a hollow stem. A variety of species are qualified in size and are divided into the following groups:
- Low. Plants grow to 1 meter. Popular varieties - "Golden Lily", "Tsuboy";
- Average. Reach 3.5 meters in height. Beautiful varieties - "Shiroshima", "Mexican weeping";
- High. Rare for interiors, because they are drawn up to 6 meters. Bright representatives of the group, similar to giants, - "Tropical black", "Monastic".
When choosing a variety, it is necessary to clearly understand the purpose of planting. It is necessary to take into account the height of the plant and how it will look, the shape of the leaves, the type of root system. For some species, solitary existence is more suitable when others feel better in groups.
Create a comfortable environment for bamboo can be very simple. A home plant needs good lighting and fresh air. Food shoots receive through the root system, so systematic watering and fertilizing is important. Depending on the type of landing (soil or water), certain rules of care apply.
Lighting and location
Indoor bamboo does not tolerate direct sunlight. The place should be chosen bright, but with dosed ultraviolet penetration. Darkening in the midday heat can be achieved with the help of a curtain. In regions with a prevailing cloudy weather, in the period of diminishing daylight hours, plants can be illuminated artificially with special lamps. The lack of light affects the appearance of greenery - the foliage falls, the trunk turns yellow, growth slows sharply.
It is better to place the pot with bamboo on the western, eastern windowsill. It should not be allowed to overcool, so in the winter time it is better to move the container to the center of the room, to carefully conduct airing.
Air temperature and humidity
As the season changes, the temperature preferences of indoor bamboo change. Increased values are equally destructive for him, as well as reduced ones. To maintain a good humidity regime, the temperature in summer should not exceed 35 ° C, in winter - 15 ° C. If the room is very hot, the pot with the plant should be temporarily moved to a room without windows (hallway, bathroom). The optimal temperature indicators - 25-30 ° C.
Humidity is not important for plant development. But since dracaena is a tropical plant, too dry air can harm it. Do not use a spray bottle for spraying the foliage, a glut of liquid will cause the stem to rot. If the air is warm and dry, you can put a plate with water next to the bamboo. Regular rubbing of leaves with a damp cloth will do more good than watering on a hot day.
The choice of capacity for landing
The pot should correspond to the size of the bamboo and the number of its stems. Shoots must be at least 5 cm away from the edge of the tank. It is not necessary to locate them strictly in the center. For planting in the soil will fit any flower pot with drainage holes. If it is decided to grow the plant in ordinary water, hydrogel, it is better to use a beautiful transparent vase. Hide the root system, you can use beads, filler of stones.
Recess capacity should be twice the rhizome. A flat, small pot will not work. Plants planted in water will have to be cut periodically, as the root system is branchy and grows quickly. Each grower chooses a growing method for himself, having estimated the pros and cons of each option.
Cultivation in the ground
The cultivation option in the ground is more preferable for dracenas. Water lingers briefly, which eliminates the rotting of the roots. Any soil mixture for indoor plants, consisting of clay sod, peat, humus, will be suitable. A drainage layer must be present - 5-6 cm of sand, small pebbles. After planting in the ground, the plant is watered and placed in penumbra for several days.
Bamboo grown with a closed root system must be fertilized. In spring and autumn, use complex lawn mixtures saturated with nitrogen. The first flower transplant is carried out after 2 years. Then they replace only the upper layer of the earth. A shallow incision at the bottom of the stem will help stimulate root development.
At each transplant, you must carefully inspect the roots of bamboo. Rotten, old and damaged should be removed.
Growing bamboo in water
For the long and trouble-free existence of bamboo in a liquid medium, simply putting it in water is not enough. An unpretentious plant will need to create optimal conditions for rapid growth. Doing group plantings, you can create your own tropical garden in a short time. The original method of cultivation will give the best result - a strong trunk, lush greenery, if the planting of bamboo in the house is carried out according to the following plan:
- Root system inspect, remove too overgrown, weak roots. You can safely cut to 1/3 of the base;
- Select capacity. It should be a low, wide vase. The transparent glass with decorative natural stones looks beautiful;
- Decor and container must be boiled in water before use;
- The bamboo stalk is lowered into a vase, the roots are carefully leveled and fixed with decor;
- Fill the plant with filtered, settled water 2 cm above the stones;
- The fluid must be changed at least once every two weeks. The first signs that water requires replacement are musty smell, blistering, turbidity, the appearance of foam;
- When watering, bamboo is fed monthly with phosphate and nitrogen fertilizers and their varieties.
How to care for the plant
Growing bamboo at home is not easy, despite his love of moisture and the rapid growth in favorable conditions. Creating such an environment will require constant attention, the availability of prepared water, certain skills in floriculture. A unique green perennial will be an excellent decor for a house or apartment, if you ensure it has suitable growth conditions - choose the location correctly, timely moisten, trim, protect from pests and diseases, properly care.
Bamboo soil can be used any. A simple mixture of lawn ground and sand will do. But it is better if the soil is acidic, slightly acid. Heavy soil contributes to root rot and slow growth. The role of drainage can perform broken shards, expanded clay, small pieces of brick. The bottom layer should occupy 25% of the capacity.
The plant is placed in the center of the pot, the roots are lowered onto the drainage. After the soil has fallen asleep, it should be slightly pressed down to release the air. The earth should always be wet. The top layer is checked daily by touch, loosened once a week.
It is necessary to moisten the soil only with warm rain, settled water. An ordinary tap contains many impurities that are harmful to plants, which accumulate in the roots and slow down the natural processes - photosynthesis deteriorates, leaves turn pale, deform. At such moments, the plant is prone to attacks of parasites, loses immunity to many diseases. If it is not possible to collect and filter the liquid, you can soften it by freezing. Water is poured into a plastic bottle and placed in the freezer. After thawing, it becomes suitable for watering.
The frequency of watering bamboo palm trees depends on the season. In the spring and summer, moisture should be abundant, in autumn and winter - moderate. With the advent of cold weather, the plant can be transferred to an independent control of the need for moisture by transplanting it into a vase with water.
It is recommended to water bamboo through the pallet. The roots of the plant absorb liquid according to their needs. After a few hours, water is poured from the pan. The procedure is repeated when the topsoil is completely dry. You can not use the spray and water at the root. Such methods of hydration can lead to the formation of rot on the roots.
Watering should be stopped if the earth begins to exude a putrid odor. If the top layer of soil is covered with gray, white bloom, it must be replaced, wash the bamboo roots, disinfect.
The hardest and fastest growing grass can be transplanted when it has developed enough root system, up to 4-5 cm. For this, the cutting is placed in water and left in a lit place. Too long roots must be shortened to at least 7 cm, otherwise they may become tangled and break at the very base. The transplantation procedure is as follows:
- The cutting before planting is removed from the germination environment, the still wet roots are treated with a rooting;
- They put the sprout in the hole or on the drainage, sprinkle it in portions and tamp the soil along with the mixture for root growth;
- The land should reach the top edge of the pot; if it has settled during watering, it should be added.
It is better to deal with bamboo transplantation in early spring, so that the root system has managed to strengthen, and its leaves do not fall off with the arrival of cold weather. The pot should be deeper and wider than the previous one. During the growth period, the plant should not touch the roots with the walls of the container.
Throughout the growing season, bamboo can be replanted several times. Promotes the movement of rapid growth, the desire to multiply the plant.
Fertilizers and fertilizers
Indoor bamboo grows much better in a nutrient medium, although it can be in ordinary water for a long time, being content only with its renewal. The main thing when working with fertilizers is not to overdo it. Abundance of nutrients, especially in the first weeks after transplantation, will only cause harm.
All soil types of bamboo strengthen once a month, starting in spring. In the summer, during the period of active growth, the dosage can be reduced, and the time interval between approaches can be reduced. You can use universal fertilizers specifically designed for palm trees or decorative deciduous perennials.
A grass plant growing in water needs to be fertilized regularly, even in winter, since such an environment contains far less nutrients than the soil. To do this, use liquid compositions based on nitrogen, phosphorus. The recommended dose on the package must be reduced by at least 5 times so as not to provoke rapid growth. You can also use leaf top-dressing instead of root, strictly following the rules of spraying.
You can make any shapes from bamboo. A flexible, unpretentious plant perfectly tolerates pruning with good rooting and in the absence of the slightest disease. First, get rid of dry excess stems, located at the base of the plant. Then choose the branch point, if necessary, connect the shoots with tape, cut off below the marked node. Such herbaceous specimens will no longer grow upwards.
For a beautiful vertical growth should regularly pruning branches. Thinning is necessary for both straight and spiral types of bamboo varnishes. The cut sites are sprinkled with ashes or waxed. Cropped cuttings are used for rooting. To speed up the process of emergence of the roots will help small cuts in the bottom of the stem.
Bamboo breeding methods
You can get several plants from one stem of the Sander dracaena in several ways. Choosing the best breeding method at home is necessary after evaluating a variety of factors, possibly affecting the further development processes of bamboo. It is necessary to take into account the humidity of the room, temperature, lighting. More often, cuttings are separated from a healthy plant during transplantation, but seeds can also be used. Each of the options has its own characteristics.
Reproduction by cuttings
The most popular way of breeding bamboo. It is often used at home, because its implementation requires a minimum of effort. For an exotic plant - this is the best option. There are several options for cutting bamboo:
- Apical. To obtain suitable cuttings from the parent plant cut off the top. The segment should be at least 15 cm long. Then put the cutting into the water, add a root stimulator. So that in the process of growth of the roots of the stem does not rot, all the slices are smeared with liquid wax.
- Stem. Rooting occurs in a standard method in water with a solution of growth stimulant. The maternal plant is divided into parts and treated each segment. The method is relevant if the tip has not taken root, rotted, affected by diseases or pests.
- Reproduction by knees. The method is rarely used in floriculture, but this does not make it less effective. Cranked breeding is used if it is necessary to save an old, weakened plant. The roots on the stem grow at the junction of the segments. They are separated, rooted and instilled in the ground.
Growing bamboo from seeds is not an easy task, it requires a lot of time and effort. At home, this breeding method is practically not used. From landing to the emergence of shoots will take at least 2 weeks.
Before transferring seeds to the soil, they should be soaked in purified water for a day. This time is enough for the embryo to wake up inside. Planted them in a special substrate of surface soil, ash, wood chips. All components must be mixed and sifted to remove garbage, small pebbles.
The first planting of soaked seeds is made in a large, one-piece container. They are placed one by one to a depth of 2-5 mm, covered with earth, without tamping. Sprouting requires fresh air, dosed sunlight, daily watering.
The peculiarity of bamboo seeds is the initial formation of the root, not a sprout. A few months later, as soon as the first shoots are formed, the plants are planted in pots in a peat mixture.
Features of care in the winter
With the onset of cold weather, the plant slows down its growth, enters a state of rest. During this period it is necessary to make certain changes in the care. First reduce watering. Now it is necessary to moisten the soil once a week, combining the procedure with wiping the leaves and spraying.
Install the plant for the winter should be in a warm place in which the temperature does not fall below +18 ° C and humidity below 40%. With the help of a special lamp, you can organize additional lighting. In winter, the soil is better not to loosen or do it very rarely.
Diseases and pests
Bamboo has a good immunity to diseases, so the most common problem is the formation of yellow leaves, the dullness of the stem. Often the cause of color loss is poor quality care. Strong and constant lighting, watering with dirty tap water, insufficient drainage can cause harm to the plant and lead to similar consequences. Excessive moisture will cause the appearance of rot, fungus, and the development of bacteria.
Having found even small specks on leaves, they need to be cut off. After drying, the removal site is treated with coal, several hours after disinfection, it is coated with wax.
Pests affect indoor bamboo rarely. But, as in all home-made flowers, spider mites can be found on the Sander dracaena. Remove the plant from insects treatment of all its parts with soap and water.
Bamboo in the house: omens, superstitions and Feng Shui
All signs associated with bamboo in the house are extremely positive. Resistant, hardy plant has a beneficial effect on human life. It is given and accepted as a gift with the desire to improve well-being, attract good luck, harmonize all life processes. According to the sign, each section of bamboo is responsible for a certain stage in life.
A powerful energy plant can both improve and worsen the situation in the house, so you should know the rules for its location. Поместив "дерево счастья" в определенное место в доме, можно скорректировать нужные сферы жизни. Большое значение, согласно китайскому учению Фэн-шуй, имеет количество стеблей. Они оказывают следующее влияние:
- 2 stalks - a symbol of love and a strong marriage;
- 3 - family well-being, happiness;
- 4 - a symbol of death, it is impossible to keep such compositions at home and present them to friends;
- 5 - wealth, financial success;
- 7 - improving well-being, health promotion;
- 8 - success in any undertaking;
- 9 - successful work, career growth;
- 20 - "Tower of Love" will strengthen friendship, renew love, warm family relationships.
Grown bamboo at home is no worse than garden exotic specimens. Curved fancy twigs in the form of a spiral will be an original gift that can stay in the water for a long time even without a developed root system. Moving to the ground will extend the life of the evergreen plant for another few years, will provide an opportunity to see more than one snow-white flower.